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List of Guano Island claims

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List of Guano Island claims

The United States claimed a number of islands as insular areas under the Guano Islands Act of 1856. Only the eight administered as the US Minor Islands and one each annexed by American Samoa and Hawaii remain as possessions of the United States. Any other unresolved claims if they exist are dormant, and have not been contested by the United States in many years with the exception of Navassa.

Table

Island Region Alternate name Coordinates Current Status Resolution of U.S. claim[1]
Alto Velo Island Caribbean Isla Alto Velo Dominican Republic Dormant (see Alto Velo Claim)
Atafu Oceania Duke of York Group Tokelau Treaty of Tokehega
Bajo Nuevo Bank Caribbean Petrel Islands Disputed Remains in place as an unincorporated territory.
Also claimed by Colombia, Jamaica, and Nicaragua.
Baker Island Oceania New Nantucket US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Birnie Island Oceania Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Butaritari Oceania Makin Atoll, Touching Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Caroline Island Oceania Millennium Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Carondelet Reef Oceania Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Clipperton Island Pacific Ocean Passion Island France Arbitrated by Victor Emmanuel III of Italy[2]
Ducie Island Oceania British Territory Dormant. Administered by Pitcairn Islands.
Enderbury Island Oceania Guano Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Fakaofo Oceania Bowditch Island Tokelau Treaty of Tokehega
Flint Island Oceania Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Fox Island Atlantic Ocean Canada Dormant
French Frigate Shoals Oceania Kānemiloha'i Hawaii Assumed sole competing claim thru annexation of Hawaii
(1898); included in State of Hawaii (1959).
Funafuti Oceania Tuvalu Tuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
Howland Island Oceania Worth Island US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Iles du Connétable Atlantic Ocean Constable Islands France Rescinded. Administered by French Guiana.
Jarvis Island Oceania Bunker Island US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Johnston Atoll Oceania US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Kanton Island Oceania Canton Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Kingman Reef Oceania Danger Rock US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Kiritimati Oceania Christmas Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Makin (islands) Oceania Little Makin Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Malden Island Oceania Independence Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Manihiki Oceania Island of Pearls Cook Islands Cook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Manra Island Oceania Sydney Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
McKean Island Oceania Wigram Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Midway Atoll Oceania Middlebrook Islands US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory
Minami Torishima Oceania Marcus Island Japan Returned to Japan in 1968 after it had been given to US by Treaty of San Francisco
Navassa Island Caribbean Navaza US Minor Islands Unincorporated territory. Also claimed by Haiti.
Nikumaroro Oceania Gardner Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Niulakita Oceania Sophia Island Tuvalu Tuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
Nukufetau Oceania Tuvalu Tuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
Nukulaelae Oceania Tuvalu Tuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
Nukunonu Oceania Bowditch Island Tokelau Treaty of Tokehega
Orona Oceania Hull Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Palmyra Atoll Oceania US Minor Islands Incorporated territory.[3] U.S. assumed sole competing claim thru annexation of Hawaii (1898), but not included in State of Hawaii (1959).
Penrhyn Island Oceania Tongareva Cook Islands Cook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Pukapuka Oceania San Bernardo Island Cook Islands Cook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Quita Sueño Bank Caribbean Quitasueño Colombia Vasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
Rakahanga Oceania Grand Duke Alexander Island Cook Islands Cook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Rawaki Island Oceania Phoenix Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Roncador Bank Caribbean Colombia Vasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
Rosalind Bank Caribbean Rosa Linda Bank Colombia Colombia-US Treaty of 1981
Serrana Bank Caribbean Colombia Vasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
Serranilla Bank Caribbean Disputed May remain in place; Vasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981 silent on the matter. Colombia and Jamaica agreed to a condominium; Nicaragua also lays claim.
Starbuck Island Oceania Volunteer Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Swains Island[4] Oceania American Samoa Treaty of Tokehega
Swan Islands Caribbean Islas Santanilla Honduras Honduras-US Treaty of 1972
Tabuaeran Oceania Fanning Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Teraina Oceania Washington Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Triángulo Oeste Gulf of Mexico West Triangle Mexico Abandoned claim in 1895
Vostok Island Oceania Staver Island Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa
Winslow Reef Oceania Kiribati Treaty of Tarawa

Images

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Original treaty between Mexico and France, French Foreign Ministry Archives, https://pastel.diplomatie.gouv.fr/choiseul/ressource/pdf/D19090019.pdf
  3. ^
  4. ^ Page 213, in Jimmy M. Skaggs (1994), The Great Guano Rush: Entrepreneurs and American Overseas Expansion. ISBN 978-0-312-10316-3.

Further reading

  • http://books.google.com/books?id=AiorAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA16&dq=Triangle+islands+guano&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false
  • http://books.google.com/books?id=fTMaAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA574&dq=Fox+Island+guano&lr=#v=onepage&q=ducie&f=false


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