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Title: Banhu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Đàn gáo, List of string instruments, Tuhu, Jiaohu, Dihu
Collection: Bowed Instruments, Chinese Musical Instruments, Huqin Family Instruments, Necked Bowl Lutes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Other names
  • Banghu
Related instruments
A Banhu

The banhu (板胡, pinyin: bǎnhú) is a Chinese traditional bowed string instrument in the huqin family of instruments. It is used primarily in northern China. Ban means a piece of wood and hu is short for huqin.

Like the more familiar erhu and gaohu, the banhu has two strings, is held vertically, and the bow hair passes in between the two strings. The banhu differs in construction from the erhu in that its soundbox is generally made from a coconut shell rather than wood, and instead of a snakeskin that is commonly used to cover the faces of huqin instruments, the banhu uses a thin wooden board.

The banhu is sometimes also called "banghu," because it is often used in bangzi opera of northern China, such as Qinqiang from Shaanxi province.

The yehu, another type of Chinese fiddle with a coconut body and wooden face, is used primarily in southern China.

Sample of recording of a piece for banhu played by Liu Mingyuan based on music from Qinqiang (Shaanxi traditional theatre), called "Qinqiang Paiziqu" 秦腔牌子曲 (Paizi tune of Shaanxi Qinqiang opera).

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External links


  • Banhu MP3s (click on headphones to listen to individual tracks)
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