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Christina Aguilera (album)

Christina Aguilera
Studio album by Christina Aguilera
Released August 24, 1999 (1999-08-24)
Recorded May 1998–March 1999
Length 46:27
Label RCA
Christina Aguilera chronology
Christina Aguilera
Mi Reflejo
Singles from Christina Aguilera
  1. "Genie in a Bottle"
    Released: June 22, 1999 (1999-06-22)
  2. "What a Girl Wants"
    Released: November 28, 1999 (1999-11-28)
  3. "I Turn to You"
    Released: June 13, 2000 (2000-06-13)
  4. "Come on Over Baby (All I Want Is You)"
    Released: September 26, 2000 (2000-09-26)

Christina Aguilera is the self-titled debut studio album by American singer Christina Aguilera. It was released on August 24, 1999, by RCA Records. After recording "Reflection", the theme song for Mulan, RCA laid the foundation for the album immediately and started presenting Aguilera with tracks for her debut album, which they later decided would have a January 1999 release. Its music incorporates dance-pop and teen pop genres, with a few songs featuring strong elements from soul and R&B. Contributions to the album's production came from a wide range of producers, including David Frank, Ron Fair, Guy Roche, Robin Thicke, Diane Warren, Matthew Wilder, and Aaron Zigman.

Upon its release, Christina Aguilera received mixed reviews from music critics, who complimented its production and Aguilera's vocals but felt that it lacked originality. The record earned Aguilera the Grammy Award for Best New Artist at the 2000 Grammy Awards. The release debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 253,000 copies. Christina Aguilera was certified octuple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and has sold more than 9 million copies in the US. Globally, the project has sold over 17 million units.

The album was preceded by four singles. "Genie in a Bottle" was released as the lead single from the project and peaked atop the record charts of twenty one nations, including the US Billboard Hot 100. Three subsequent singles additionally became top ten records worldwide: "What a Girl Wants", "I Turn to You", and "Come On Over Baby (All I Want Is You)". To further promote the album, Aguilera performed on television shows and embarked on the tour Christina Aguilera in Concert in 2000.


  • Background 1
  • Recording and production 2
  • Composition 3
  • Critical reception 4
  • Commercial performance 5
  • Singles 6
  • Promotion 7
    • Touring 7.1
  • Legacy 8
  • Track listing 9
  • Credits and personnel 10
  • Charts 11
    • Weekly charts 11.1
    • Decade-end charts 11.2
  • Certifications 12
  • Release history 13
  • Notes 14
  • References 15


Christina Aguilera approached record label RCA, then having financial difficulties, and was told to contact Disney.[1] After being given the opportunity to record the theme to the 1998 film Mulan named "Reflection" it was reported she had gained a record deal with RCA Records with Aguilera saying "I landed a record deal simultaneously as I landed the Mulan soundtrack. I had just turned seventeen years old, and during the same week, I just landed both. I recorded the Mulan soundtrack first and then a few months later I was out in L.A. recording the record for about six months".[2] When asked about the song and Aguilera, RCA executive Ron Fair commented,

"She is a badass genius of singing. She was put on this earth to sing, and I've worked with a lot of singers.... When Aguilera met with us, she didn't care that she was auditioning for a record deal; she got into a performance zone that you see in artist much more mature than she is."[3]

After she was asked to hit a musical note required for "Reflection", she thought that the song could be the gateway into an album deal. Aguilera spent hours recording a cover of Whitney Houston's "Run to You", which included the note she was asked to hit.[1] After successfully hitting the note, which she called "the note that changed my life", she was given the opportunity to record the song. To record the song, she flew to Los Angeles for roughly a week.[4] Despite growing increasingly exhausted during the recording sessions, when she heard that a 90-piece orchestra would be arriving to record the instrumental she begged to stay and witness the event. She later called the experience "amazing".[4] Due to the success around the recording of "Reflection", RCA wished for Aguilera to record and release an album by September 1998 to maintain the "hype" surrounding her at that time.[4] The label laid the foundation for the album immediately and started presenting Aguilera with tracks for her debut album, which they later decided would have a January 1999 release.[4][5]

Recording and production

Shelly Peiken (left), co-wrote the hit "What a Girl Wants" and the single version of "Come on Over", while Diane Warren (right) wrote "I Turn to You", a cover of the All-4-One song, which became a hit in Aguilera's voice, and "Somebody's Somebody".

Christina Aguilera was recorded between 1998 and 1999, with Ron Fair serving as the album's executive producer. The label reportedly spent $1 million on writers, producers and even voice lessons.[6] According to Fair, "She was very much a raw talent, so building a collection of songs that would become her first album was a time-consuming process. We wanted to find the ones that could knock the door down and put her up there."[6] The album was built around pop songs, which was against Aguilera's will, since she wanted a more R&B album. She further explained during an interview for The Washington Post: "I was held back a lot from doing more R&B ad-libbing. They clearly wanted to make a fresh-sounding young pop record and that's not always the direction I wanted to go in. Sometimes they didn't get it, didn't want to hear me out because of my age, and that was a little bit frustrating. Since all the success, it's a little easier to get my opinions across."[6]

One of the first producers of the album was Guy Roche, who produced two tracks ("What a Girl Wants" and "I Turn to You") and co-wrote one of them ("What a Girl Wants"), along with Shelly Peiken. "What a Girl Wants" was later re-recorded for its single release, replacing the "lighter" version for a more "funky" R&B version. Peiken also re-wrote with Roche the single version for the track "Come on Over", first produced by Johan Aberg, Paul Rein and Aaron Zigman.[7] According to herself, ""We're going to give it more of an edge, R&B it up a little, maybe rock it out a little, give it a lot of different new directions and get it out there."[8] Aguilera also recorded a cover of All-4-One's song "I Turn to You", written by Diane Warren. Carl Sturken and Evan Rogers (who would eventually broke into the scene as the producers who launched Rihanna's career) wrote and produced two tracks, while the then-upcoming Robin Thicke (who would later become a famous singer-songwriter) co-wrote and co-produced "When You Put Your Hands on Me". Franne Golde (who previously worked with Whitney Houston) also wrote a song for Aguilera. At the final stages, producer and songwriter David Frank presented a song called "Genie in a Bottle",[9] which Christina almost didn't record it, "because there were a lot of other artists out there that were after this song, so we had to fight a little bit to get it," she claimed.[10] With Heather Holley, Aguilera also co-wrote a track called "I Will Be", which she said was inspired by Mariah Carey's "Vanishing".[11]


A 19-second sample of "What a Girl Wants", a teen pop and R&B track in which Aguilera talks about her relationship

Problems playing this file? See .

Christina Aguilera is a dance-pop and teen pop album;[12] it mainly consists of teen pop songs.[13] Beth Johnson of Entertainment Weekly compared the album's musical styles to those of Tiffany and Whitney Houston.[14] The record opens with "Genie in a Bottle", which uses sexual reference to talk about self-respect.[15] Billboard editor Kenneth Partridge wrote that the song features "32nd-note bass-drum pattern that mimics the heart palpitations of a teenager in lust."[16] "What a Girl Wants" is a hybrid of teen pop and R&B which lyrically "[reveals] an independent, strong woman who knows what she wants from a relationship, both sexually and emotionally."[17][18] The cover version of All-4-One's ballad "I Turn to You" is a soul-influenced track.[16] On the song, Aguilera thanks someone for their "faith, strength, support, commitment and tenderness."[19]

"So Emotional", "Love for All Seasons" and "Somebody's Somebody" incorporate strong elements of R&B and soul.[18] "So Emotional" is a midtempo bridge.[16] Aguilera sings about a woman longing to reveal her true self on "Reflection", which Partridge characterized it as the song that "sums up the album."[16] "Come On Over Baby (All I Want Is You)" is deemed the most "sexual" track on Christina Aguilera, a hip hop-influenced song which features a rap verse written by Aguilera herself.[21] "When You Put Your Hands On Me", an R&B song co-written by Robin Thicke, addresses the alchemy of sex: "I just know / when you put your hands on me / I feel sexy / and my body turns to gold."[16] "Blessed" features elements of gospel, while "Love Will Find A Way" features an R&B groove and was compared to Carey's songs "Emotions" (1991) and "Dreamlover" (1993).[18] On the final song, "Obvious", Aguilera wonders whether her confusion about her life is apparent to everyone.[16]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Billboard[16] (mixed)
Robert Christgau[22] C+
Entertainment Weekly[14] B−
The New York Times[23] (favorable)
PopMatters[13] (mixed)
Rolling Stone[25]

Christina Aguilera received mixed reviews from music critics. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic praised the songwriting and the "clean and uncluttered" production on the project. He eventually commended on Aguilera's vocals, writing that "she not only has charisma, she can actually sing, bringing conviction to these love and heartbreak songs."[12] Although calling it "a frustratingly erratic album", Johnson wrote that "Christina still makes a credible bid to be the late-summer soundtrack to romantic rebound."[14] Sputnikmusic editor Amanda Murray wrote that Christina Aguilera "is an album that is highly representative of the better aspects of the teen pop movement of the late 90s."[27] A reviewer writing for Q was positive towards Aguilera's vocal performance, explaining that the album "shows off her pretty, but powerful vocals to surprisingly impressive effect."[24] Ann Powers on behalf of The New York Times agreed, writing "Beyond its sleek design, this album hints at a real singer's emergence. She has striking vocal power and range, if not a clue about expressing individuality."[23]

In a mixed review, Barry Walters from Rolling Stone criticized the album's theme, calling it "bubble-brained", writing that they "give Aguilera little substance to spin into gold."[25] Robert Christgau elaborated that the album "was avoidance-like LeAnn and unlike Britney, Christina already has 'adult' grit and phrasing down pat, and so threatens to join Gloria, Mariah, Celine, and LeAnn herself in the endless parade of Diane Warren-fueled divas-by-fiat hitting high notes and signifying less than nothing."[22] Julene Snyder of Sonicnet wrote that "Aguilera has an instinctive grasp of the insipid state of the pop/ dance music scene, especially as it relates to her peers."[26] On behalf of PopMatters, Nikki Tranter pointed out that "there are lots of 'oohs' and plenty of 'ahhs' and just enough 'I wants' and 'you likes' to keep the kids happy."[13] Partridge deemed the project "quite listenable"; however, he called the lyrics out for "[telling] us precious little about the girl on the cover."[16]

Commercial performance

In the United States, Christina Aguilera debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 252,800, beating Puff Daddy's Forever.[28] In its second week, it fell to number 2, selling 218,000 copies.[29] The album was certified octuple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for exceeding shipments of eight million copies.[30] According to Nielsen SoundScan, the release has sold 8,279,000 copies in the U.S. as of September 2014 and is among the most certified albums of all time according to the RIAA.[1][31] Meanwhile, BMG Music calculated that Christina Aguilera has sold 935,000 units through BMG Music Clubs.[32] The project additionally peaked atop the Canadian Albums Chart.[33] In July 2001, Music Canada certified the project six times platinum for exceeding sales of over 600,000 units in Canada.[34]

In the United Kingdom, the album debuted at number 21 on October 30, 1999,[35] falling to number 31 the following week.[36] It stayed two weeks inside the top-forty and only re-entered on February 26, 2000, at number 33.[37] The album climbed to number 14 on March 3, 2000, becoming its peak position.[38] The album stayed on the UK charts for 26 weeks.[39] The album was certified platinum by the IFPI for sales of one million copies in Europe.[40] In Australia, the album debuted at number 31 on February 20, 2000, while peaking at number 26 two weeks later, spending 15 weeks on the charts. However, the album re-entered at number 25, on October 29, 2000, and two weeks later, it reached a new position of number 21, spending 13 further weeks on the charts, bringing a total of 28.[41] It was later certified platinum for 70,000 sales in 2000.[42] In New Zealand, the album debuted at number 38, on October 31, 1999, and later climbed to number 27, before re-entering two times, on November 28, 1999 and February 13, 2000. After the latter re-entering, the album peaked six weeks later at number 5, on March 26, 2000.[43] It re-entered an additional six times and was certified platinum in New Zealand, selling over 15,000 copies.[44][45] As of 2010, Christina Aguilera has sold over 17 million copies worldwide.[46]


"Genie in a Bottle" was the first single of the album, released on June 22, 1999. The song received generally favorable reviews from music critics, who commended the song for being pleasant,[27] sweet, the album's best moment and her signature track.[26] It became one of Aguilera's highest charting singles, getting certified platinum by the RIAA. The song became an overnight hit, making it Aguilera's first number one single. It topped the charts for five weeks straight on Billboard Hot 100 due to strong physical CD sales and airplay, having the longest stay at number one that year.[47] The single made airplay history, becoming one of the most successful airplay-only singles and topped the charts weeks before an accompanying music video was made.[48] It also topped the charts of eight countries, while it charted within the top five in every country it was released in.[49] Its music video was a success, becoming a staple on MTV's Total Request Live with Aguilera enjoying some fun and sexual tension at a beach bonfire.[50] The song received a Grammy Nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. A version of the song in Spanish entitled "Genio Atrapado" was recorded and included in some editions of Christina Aguilera and later on her Spanish-language album, Mi Reflejo and peaked at number 13 on the Billboard Hot Latin Songs chart.[51] It also received a Latin Grammy Award nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 1st Latin Grammy Awards.[52]

Aguilera performing "What a Girl Wants" during her Back to Basics Tour

"What a Girl Wants" was the second single from the album. Instead of the slower version, Aguilera insisted that a more upbeat mix, with an R&B edge, needed to be created to be released as a single.[53] Released on October 29, 1999 to radio stations,[54] the song received positive reviews from critics, with most praising her vocals in the track,[55] comparing to those of Mariah Carey[4] and Whitney Houston.[26] "What a Girl Wants" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 on January 15, 2000 for two weeks, ending the chart reign of Santana's "Smooth"[56] and becoming Aguilera's second number-one single.[47] The single also topped the New Zealand and Spanish charts, while also peaking at number three in the UK, at number five in Australia and reached the top-twenty in most countries it charted.[57] The song was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 43rd Grammy Awards held on February 21, 2001. A Spanish version entitled "Una Mujer" was also made and included on Mi Reflejo.[58]

"I Turn to You" was the third single form the album, released on April 1, 2000 to U.S radio. It received mixed reviews from critics, who recognized that the track allowed Aguilera's vocals to soar and shine,[27] but called it a cliché ballad.[59] However, the single peaked at number 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 for 4 weeks, becoming Aguilera's third top-ten hit. The single also reached the top-ten in Canada,[60] the top-twenty in other three countries, including the UK,[39] and the top-forty elsewhere.[61] The music video was directed by Joseph Kahn, and Christina is seen singing in front of a microphone before walking in the rain with an umbrella, and on a rooftop. The video's storyline follows a young woman getting into an accident, with her mother worriedly waiting for word on where she is at the late hour.[62] A Spanish version entitled "Por Siempre Tu" was released and included on her Spanish-debut album, Mi Reflejo. It peaked at number 6 on the Hot Latin Songs chart, becoming Aguilera's first top-ten Spanish single.[51]

On May 27, 2000, during an interview with Jam! Canoe's Stephanie McGrath, Aguilera revealed plans to release at least two more singles from her debut: "So Emotional" in the fall and "Come On Over" as soon as "I Turn To You", "runs its toll," she said.[8] "So Emotional" indeed had a simple music video, which was available through her YouTube/VEVO account,[63] showing Christina in a casual outfit recording the song in the studio.[64] However, the song was never released and "Come on Over" was chosen instead. For the song's release, Aguilera claimed: "We're going to head back in the studio, give it more of an edge, R&B it up a little, maybe rock it out a little, give it a lot of different new directions and get it out there."[8]

The re-worked version, entitled "Come on Over Baby (All I Want Is You)", features more hip hop and dance elements as well as "edgy" and "sexual" lyrics,[53] even a rap by Aguilera, and was released on September 26, 2000 as the album's fourth and final single. The song's new version received mixed reviews, with some criticizing the fact that the track "was more like an album track than a hit", but praised the catchy chorus.[65] However, the song was a success on the charts, becoming Aguilera's third number-one hit on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart, spending four weeks at the top, from October 8 to November 4, 2000.[47] It spent twenty-one weeks on the Hot 100, ranked thirty-eight on the Hot 100's 2000 Year-end charts and eventually the RIAA certified the single gold. It was also a success elsewhere, reaching the top-ten in over six countries, including Australia, Canada and the UK.[39][66] The video was considered "bright and colorful," with green, white, and gold backgrounds juxtaposed against a dance choreography.[67] A Spanish version entitled "Ven Conmigo (Solamente Tú)" became a number-one hit on the Hot Latin Songs chart, becoming her first Spanish chart topper.[51]


Aguilera made many appearances on talk shows in order to promote her self-titled debut album. Aguilera appeared on shows such as The Rosie O'Donnell Show[68] and TRL.[69] Aguilera also began traveling to New Zealand while "What a Girl Wants" was topping the charts overseas. In 1999, Aguilera performed "Genie in a Bottle" at the 1999 Teen Choice Awards.[70] Aguilera also attended the 2000 MTV Video Music Awards, where she and Fred Durst performed together. Aguilera performed "Come on Over Baby", wearing a tight ruby red outfit with black and red streaks in her hair, and near the end, Durst walked onstage and performed part of his band's song "Livin' It Up" with Aguilera. After eliciting charged reactions from his fans, Durst stated: "I already told you guys before, I did it all for the nookie, man."[71] The feud died weeks later, when Aguilera denied Durst's statement, saying Durst "got no nookie."[72] Later on, in 2000, Aguilera performed at the Super Bowl XXXIV as a halftime performer.[8]

In December 1999, Aguilera issued a full-length home video titled "Genie Gets Her Wish." The video includes interviews with her from backstage, in the studio and on the road. It also features Aguilera's rendition of Mel Torme's Yuletide classic "The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire)."[20]


Aguilera performing "Genie in a Bottle" on her Stripped World Tour

On April 28, 2000, Aguilera announced her first tour, whick kicked off on July 31, 2000 and would hit 37 cities (and a total of 81 shows). The tour was sponsored by the famous American brands of Sears and Levi's.[73] Aguilera released a statement about the tour, saying: "Headlining my own tour means creative control and a high-energy, let-loose show. It's designed with my band and dancers to be a visually exciting mix of my big hits and some special surprises," said Christina. "Plus, my sponsors, Sears and Levi's, are giving fans lots of ways to get involved with the tour, like exclusive CDs and posters, a chance to win a backstage pass to hang with me and a cause-related program called 'Come On Over and Do Something' that was created specifically for the tour."[74] About the tour's setlist, she claimed, "I'll be doing songs from my debut album. But I've changed so much from doing that at 17, so we'll put a whole new twist on things from my album. … There will be a lot of blues and soul inflections, which is what I've wanted to do more of for a long time."[73] One feature of the shows she described involved getting the crowd excited with her hit "What a Girl Wants" and then switching to a piano-and-vocal-only song by her hero, blues legend Etta James.[73]


Soon after its release, Christina Aguilera became both a critical and commercial success in the US, having also spread her success through UK and other countries, which made Aguilera become "one of America's most successful talent-spotters", as noted by BBC News.[75] When the album debuted at number-one, elbowing out the long-awaited Puff Daddy album "Forever", critics rave that Aguilera, whose "powerhouse pipes" Rolling Stone praised, is refreshing an industry populated with baby-voiced divas who wear the label like girls in their mothers' high heels," as cited by Sophfronia Scott Gregory of People Magazine.[76] RCA Records executives claimed that Aguilera "could be the next Barbra Streisand," at the time.[77] The album also received high recognition after Aguilera was nominated for two Grammy Awards in 2000: Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Genie in a Bottle", with Aguilera winning the first.[78] Jason Lipshut of Billboard cited her win on the Grammy as one of her "10 Biggest Career Moments", claiming: "The battle for teen pop supremacy made its way to the Grammy Awards in 2000, when Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera were both nominated for the Best New Artist prize. Both singing stars had issued hit albums in 1999, [...] and Aguilera ended up walking away with one of the night's top prizes. "I'm shaking right now!" Aguilera told the audience at the 2000 ceremony, also admitting that she did not have a speech prepared for the event because she didn't think she would win. Aguilera has since taken home three more Grammys, for the songs 'Lady Marmalade,' 'Beautiful' and 'Ain't No Other Man," respectively."[79] Aguilera also received another Grammy nomination in 2001 for "What a Girl Wants" on the "Best Female Pop Vocal Performance" category, and according to Time, "both of which helped catapult the album to the top of the charts."[80]

Aguilera's Grammy Award nominations, two back to back number-one singles, magazine gossip, and merchandise released under her name made her the "It girl", according to People.[76] In March 2000, Lori Majewski, entertainment director at Teen People magazine, stated: "If people want to know why Christina is going to be around a decade from now, the answer is very clear: It's pure talent," Majewski said. "When you hear this girl open her mouth, everyone is astounded. I've seen her sing many times, and every time, I'm impressed, but the people who are hearing it for the first time can't even believe it."[81] In an article about the "2013 Most Influential People in the World", in which Aguilera appeared, Canadian singer-songwriter Céline Dion claimed that, "I remember she broke onto the scene at the turn of the millennium, [...] so I got to watch a lot of her TV appearances, especially on the award shows. I remember thinking, This girl's got it all and then some! Unbelievable voice, great dancer and so very beautiful."[82]

The songs on the album played important roles on Aguilera's legacy. "Genie in a Bottle", the album's lead-single, was a number-one hit and Aguilera became the third female artist in 1999 to top the Hot 100 chart with her debut entry, behind Britney Spears's "...Baby One More Time" and Jennifer Lopez's "If You Had My Love".[50] Allmusic highlighted that the single incredibly hit number-one on the Billboard's Hot 100 chart before a music video was even out.[48] "Genie" was listed at number 38 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the 90s,[83] placed it at number 2 on her "Top 10 Songs",[53] while AOL Radio ranked at number-one, calling it her "signature song".[84] While listing the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time", Rolling Stone placed Aguilera at number 52, picking "Genie in a Bottle" as one of her "key tracks", writing that "Even in her teen-pop 'Genie in a Bottle' days, she was modeling her dramatic, melismatic technique on old-school soul heroines like Etta James."[85] It was also the top selling debut single of 1999.[86] The song was also covered by contestants of many popular talent shows such as American Idol,[87] The X Factor and The Voice.[88] The success of the follow-up single "What a Girl Wants" solidified her as a strong musical force and earned her several accolades, including five MTV Video Music Awards nominations and a Grammy Award nomination.[84] The song's title inspired the title of 2000's American romantic comedy film "What Women Want", having the track on its soundtrack[89] and on a scene.[90] It also inspired the title of the 2003 comedy film of the same name.[91] "I Turn to You" inspired American recording artist Lady Gaga, as she stated, "When I was 15, I was singing 'I Turn to You' at the top of my lungs trying to hit all her notes. So she was an inspiration to me to have a wider vocal range."[92] With the album's fourth single, "Come on Over Baby (All I Want Is You)", Aguilera managed to have three number-one singles for the same album and four top-ten singles, an achievement she only did with her first album.[47]

Track listing

Christina Aguilera – Standard version[93]
No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Genie in a Bottle"  
  • Frank
  • Kipner
2. "What a Girl Wants"   Roche 3:53
3. "I Turn to You"   Diane Warren Roche 4:35
4. "So Emotional"   Ron Harris 4:00
5. "Come on Over (All I Want Is You)"  
  • Aaron Zigman
  • Rein
  • Aberg
6. "Reflection"   Wilder 3:33
7. "Love for All Seasons"  
  • Rogers
  • Sturken
8. "Somebody's Somebody"   Warren Khris Kellow 5:02
9. "When You Put Your Hands on Me"  
  • Thicke
  • Pro J.
10. "Blessed"  
Potts 3:05
11. "Love Will Find a Way"  
  • Sturken
  • Rogers
  • Rogers
  • Sturken
12. "Obvious"   Heather Holley Robert Hoffman 3:58
Total length:

Credits and personnel

  • Christina Aguilera – vocals
  • Rick Baptiste – horn
  • Ali Boudris – guitar
  • Sue Ann Carwell – background vocals
  • ChakDaddy – horn
  • E. Dawk – horn
  • David Frank – drums, keyboards
  • John Glaser – Moog synthesizer
  • John Goux – guitar
  • Gary Grant – horn
  • Robert Hoffman – bass, keyboards
  • Heather Holley – piano
  • Khris Kellow – keyboards
  • Steve Kipner – drums, keyboards
  • Anthony Mazza – guitar
  • Shelly Peiken – background vocals
  • Joel Peskin – horn
  • Tim Pierce – guitar
  • Travon Potts – multiple instruments
  • Evan Rogers – background vocals
  • Carl Sturken – multiple instruments
  • Robin Thickesynthesizer, drums, bass, keyboards
  • Michael Thompson – guitar
  • Bruce Watson – guitar
  • Jerry Goldsmith – conductor
  • Producers: Johan Aberg, David Frank, Ron Harris, Robert Hoffman, Khris Kellow, Steve Kipner, Travon Potts, Paul Rein, Guy Roche, Evan Rogers, Carl Sturken, Robin Thicke, Diane Warren, Matthew Wilder, Aaron Zigman
  • Executive producer: Ron Fair, Diane Warren
  • Associate producer: Doreen Dorian
  • Engineers: Johan Aberg, Paul Arnold, Ali Boudris, David Frank, Dan Garcia, Ron Harris, Mike Hatzinger, Al Hemberger, Phil Kaffel, Steve Kipner, Doc Little, Mario Lucy, Michael C. Ross, Robin Thicke, Aaron Zigman,
  • Assistant engineers: Tom Bender, Joe Brown, Terri Wong, Christina Aguilera
  • Mixing: Rob Chiarelli, Jeff Griffin, Mick Guzauski, Tim Lauber, Peter Mokran, Dave Pensado, Robin Thicke, Tommy Vicari, Dave Way
  • Mixing assistants: Tony Flores, Jeff Griffin, Michael Huff, Tim Lauber
  • Digital editing: Jeff Griffin, Bill Malina
  • Mastering: Eddy Schreyer
  • A&R: Ron Fair, Elisa Yastic
  • Creative director: Jack Rovner
  • Programming: Johan Aberg, Airiq Anest, Ron Harris, Khris Kellow, Paul Rein, Guy Roche
  • Drum programming: Airiq Anest, Robert Hoffman, Khris Kellow
  • Synthesizer programming: Steve Porcaro
  • Arrangers: Ron Fair, Sherree Ford-Payne, David Frank, Khris Kellow, Steve Kipner, Travon Potts, Guy Roche, Brock Walsh, Matthew Wilder, Aaron Zigman
  • Vocal arrangements: Christina Aguilera, David Frank, Steve Kipner, Brock Walsh
  • Orchestral arrangements: Aaron Zigman



Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[107] Platinum 70,000^
Brazil (ABDP) 80,000[108]
Canada (Music Canada)[34] 6× Platinum 600,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[109] Platinum 250,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[110] Platinum 150,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[111] Platinum 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[112] Platinum 15,000^
South Korea (RIAK) 188,873[113]
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[114] Platinum 100,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[115] Platinum 50,000x
United Kingdom (BPI)[116] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[117] 8× Platinum 9,214,000[1]
Europe (IFPI)[121] Platinum 1,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Release history

Country Date Format Catalogue no. Label
United States[122] August 24, 1999 CD 07863676902 RCA Records
Cassette 07863676904
Germany[123] September 20, 1999 CD N/A Sony Music Entertainment (SME)
Hong Kong[124] October 24, 2000 74321780542 RCA Records
Japan[125] November 23, 1999 21084 Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG)


  1. ^ a b As of September 2014, Christina Aguilera has sold 8,279,000 copies in the United States.[118] The aforementioned sales figures are combined by Nielsen SoundScan, which does not count albums sold through clubs as does BMG Music Service.[119] According to BMG Music Service, the album has additionally sold 935,000 copies at BMG Music Clubs as of 2003.[120]


  1. ^ a b Dominguez 2003, p. 43
  2. ^ Dominguez 2003, p. 38
  3. ^ Donovan 2010, p. 42
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