World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Florida circuit courts

Article Id: WHEBN0014433737
Reproduction Date:

Title: Florida circuit courts  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Government of Florida, Law of Florida, Florida circuit courts, John Milton Bryan Simpson, Trial court
Collection: Circuit Courts in the United States, Florida Circuit Courts
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Florida circuit courts

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Florida

The Florida circuit courts are state courts, and are trial courts[1] of original jurisdiction for most controversies. In Florida, the circuit courts are one of four types of courts created by the Florida Constitution (the other three being the Florida Supreme Court, the Florida District Courts of Appeal, and the Florida county courts).[2]

The circuit courts primarily handle civil cases where the amount in controversy is greater than $15,000, and felony criminal cases, as well as appeals from county courts.

Contents

  • Circuits 1
  • Jurisdiction 2
    • Original jurisdiction 2.1
    • Appellate jurisdiction 2.2
  • Election 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Circuits

Map of the judicial circuits

There are 20 judicial circuits in Florida, all but five of which span multiple counties. They are:[3]

  1. First Circuit - Escambia, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa and Walton
  2. Second Circuit - Franklin, Gadsden, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla
  3. Third Circuit - Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, Madison, Suwannee and Taylor
  4. Fourth Circuit - Clay, Duval and Nassau
  5. Fifth Circuit - Citrus, Hernando, Lake, Marion and Sumter
  6. Sixth Circuit - Pasco and Pinellas
  7. Seventh Circuit - Flagler, Putnam, St. Johns and Volusia,
  8. Eighth Circuit - Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Gilchrist, Levy, and Union
  9. Ninth Circuit - Orange and Osceola
  10. Tenth Circuit - Hardee, Highlands, and Polk
  11. Eleventh Circuit - Miami-Dade
  12. Twelfth Circuit - DeSoto, Manatee, and Sarasota
  13. Thirteenth Circuit - Hillsborough
  14. Fourteenth Circuit - Bay, Calhoun, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson and Washington
  15. Fifteenth Circuit - Palm Beach
  16. Sixteenth Circuit - Monroe
  17. Seventeenth Circuit - Broward
  18. Eighteenth Circuit - Brevard and Seminole
  19. Nineteenth Circuit - Indian River, Martin, Okeechobee and St. Lucie
  20. Twentieth Circuit - Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry and Lee

Jurisdiction

Florida circuit courts have original jurisdiction not vested in the county courts, direct review of administrative action, and the power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, prohibition, and habeas corpus, as well as any other writs necessary to exercise their jurisdiction.[4]

As authorized by the legislature, and in addition to the power to issue various injunctions and other necessary orders,[5] the circuit courts more specifically have the following jurisdiction:

Original jurisdiction

Original jurisdiction is as follows:

  • "[A]ll actions at law not cognizable by the county courts . . . ."[6] Therefore, all actions except: most misdemeanor cases, violations of municipal and county ordinances, some disputes occurring in homeowners' associations, and cases where the amount in controversy is equal to or less than $15,000.[7]
  • "[P]roceedings relating to the settlement of the estates of decedents and minors, the granting of letters testamentary, guardianship, involuntary hospitalization, the determination of incompetency, and other jurisdiction usually pertaining to courts of probate . . . ."[8]
  • All cases of equity, including those related to juveniles, except for traffic offenses.[9]
  • Felonies.[10]
  • All cases involving the legality of state tax assessment, toll, or denial of refund.[11]
  • Ejectment[12] (But not eviction, which may be brought in county court[13]).
  • Title and boundaries of real property.[14]

Appellate jurisdiction

Appellate jurisdiction is as follows:

  • Appeals from county courts (except from orders or judgments declaring invalid a state statute or provision of the State Constitution, or any orders or judgments certified by the county court as a matter of great public importance and accepted for review by a District Court of Appeal).[15]
  • Appeals from final administrative orders of local government code enforcement boards.[16]

Election

Circuit court judges are elected by the voters of the circuits in nonpartisan, contested elections against other persons who choose to qualify as candidates for the position. Circuit court judges serve for six-year terms, and they are subject to the same disciplinary standards and procedures as Supreme Court Justices and district court judges. [17]

See also

References

  1. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(5) (2007).
  2. ^ Fla. Const. of 1968, Art. V, § 1 (1998).
  3. ^ "General Information". Florida's Circuit Courts.  
  4. ^ Fla. Const. of 1968, Art. V, § 5(b) (1972).
  5. ^ Fla. Stat. §§ 26.012(3), (4) (2007).
  6. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(a) (2007).
  7. ^ Fla. Stat. § 34.01(1) (2007).
  8. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(b) (2007).
  9. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(c) (2007).
  10. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(d) (2007).
  11. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(e) (2007).
  12. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(f) (2007).
  13. ^ See Pro-Art Dental Lab, Inc. v. V-Strategic Group, LLC, 986 So. 2d 1244, 1246-49 (Fla. 2008).
  14. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(2)(g) (2007).
  15. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(1) (2007).
  16. ^ Fla. Stat. § 26.012(1) (2007).
  17. ^ State of Florida. "General Information". Florida's Circuit Courts. Retrieved 2009-01-13. 

External links

  • Map of District Court's Jurisdiction
  • Florida Law Online
  • The Florida Rules of Civil Procedure
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.