World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pongal (dish)

Article Id: WHEBN0003093036
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pongal (dish)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vada (food), Curd rice, List of Indian dishes, Sambar (dish), Murgh Musallam
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pongal (dish)

Pongal Pot from Pongal
Course Breakfast
Place of origin Tamil Nadu
Serving temperature Sweet: rice, milk, jaggery, coconut pieces or mung bean
Spicy: rice, pepper or tamarind
Main ingredients Rice
Variations Sakarai pongal, ven pongal, melagu pongal, puli pongal

Pongal is a popular rice dish in Tamil Nadu, and the Tamil cuisine of Sri Lanka. In Tamil, the root pong or pongu means to " boil over" or "spill over".

There are two varieties of pongal, Sakarai Pongal which is a sweet, and Ven Pongal, made from clarified butter. The unqualified word pongal usually refers to spicy pongal in Tamil Nadu, and is a common breakfast food in Tamil Nadu. The rice boiled with milk and jaggery during the Pongal festival is also called pongal - this is sweet pongal made specially in earthenware pots with a wood fire.


  • Types of pongal 1
    • Sakarai pongal 1.1
    • Ven pongal 1.2
    • Melagu pongal 1.3
    • Puli pongal 1.4
  • Festive importance 2
  • External links 3

Types of pongal

Sakarai pongal

Sakarai pongal (lit. jaggery pongal) is generally prepared in temples as a prasadam, (an offering made to a deity, as a thanksgiving). This type of pongal is prevalent in pongal festivals such as Thai Pongal) in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India.

Ingredients can include rice, coconut and mung bean. Sakarai pongal is traditionally sweetened with jaggery, which gives the pongal a brown colour, though it can be sweetened with white sugar instead.

'Sakkarai' equally applies to sugar and jaggery in the central and southern parts of Tamil Nadu.

Ven pongal

Ven (white) pongal is a popular dish in South Indian homes and is typically served as a special breakfast in Tamil Nadu.

Melagu pongal

Melagu pongal is a spicy variant made with pepper, rice and moong daal.

Puli pongal

Puli pongal is a variant that is made with tamarind and boiled rice. It is not specifically associated with the Pongal festival and is often eaten for dinner in Tamil Nadu.

Festive importance

Every January, Tamilians celebrate Pongal, a harvest festival, where pongal (the dish) is cooked to celebrate the harvest.

Traditionally ancient Tamil people cook pongal before pooja and offer it to the deities.

External links

  • Rava Pongal Recipe
  • Sweet Pongal Recipe
  • Detail pongal and coconut chutney recipe with photos
  • Quick Ven pongal Recipe
  • Sweet Pongal Recipes

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.