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Protestantism in Puerto Rico

 

Protestantism in Puerto Rico

Protestantism in Puerto Rico officially started in 1872 when the first Protestant church was established on the island. Protestantism is one of the major groupings within Christianity. It is used more broadly to refer to Christianity outside "of a Catholic or Eastern church"[1] Before the islands of Puerto Rico came under United States sovereignty in 1898, Protestantism was forbidden under Roman Catholic Spanish rule.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Institutions 2
  • Present situation 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6
  • External links 7

History

In Montaña, Aguadilla, a group called "los bíblicos" met clandestinely under the direction of Antonio Badillo. Many freethinkers and Protestants belonged to Masonic lodges, as many in the older generation still do. In 1872, the first Protestant church was established in Puerto Rico, when Bishop W. W. Jackson, from the Anglican dioceses of Antigua provided for the creation of the Holy Trinity Anglican Church in Ponce, followed several years later by All Saints Anglican Church in Vieques.[2]

Soon after the change of sovereignty, United States Protestant denominations agreed to divide the island in order to facilitate missionary penetration. The two existing Anglican churches in Ponce and Vieques served as the basis for a new diocese of the Episcopal Church of the United States, which has since had six diocesan bishops. Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, Congregationalists and Disciples of Christ started the missionary work. While the President appointed the governors, these denominations were influential in government policies. After the 1940s this changed; nevertheless Protestantism kept growing, particularly Pentecostalism, which grew mostly among the poor and the rural.

Institutions

Mainline Protestants started educational and health institutions. Presbyterians founded

  • Net Ministries
  • Interamerican University of Puerto Rico,

External links

  • Cardona, José A. Breve historia de la Iglesia Presbiteriana en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras, 1976.
  • Rodríguez, Daniel R. La primera evangelización norteamericana en Puerto Rico, 1898-1930. México, D.F.: Ediciones Borinquen, 1986.
  • Silva Gotay, Samuel. Protestantismo y Política en Puerto Rico. San Juan: Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997.

Bibliography

  1. ^ http://mw3.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/protestantism
  2. ^ http://episcopalpr.org/sobre_nosotros/sobre_nosotros.html
  3. ^ InterAmerican University
  4. ^ http://www.ssepr.com/
  5. ^ Latin American issues Vol. 3
  6. ^ The San Juan Star, Sunday, 12 April 1998: "Study reflects growing numbers of churchgoers".
  7. ^ Ana Adams: "Brincando el Charco..." in Power, Politics and Pentecostals in Latin America, Edward Cleary, ed., 1997. p. 164.

References

See also

Another researcher gave a more conservative assessment of the proportion of Protestants: "Puerto Rico, by virtue of its long political association with the United States, is the most Protestant of Latin American countries, with a Protestant population of approximately 33 to 38 percent, the majority of whom are Pentecostal. David Stoll calculates that if we extrapolate the growth rates of evangelical churches from 1960-1985 for another twenty-five years Puerto Rico will become 75 percent evangelical."[7] It should be noted, however, that Guatemala and Honduras have similar proportions of Protestants, with Guatemala probably being the highest.

Estimates of the Protestant population vary greatly. The CIA factbook, estimates that 85% of the population is Roman Catholic while the remaining 15% are Protestants and other religions. Pollster Pablo Ramos stated in 1998 that the population was 38% Roman Catholic, 28% Pentecostal, and 18% were members of independent churches, which would give a Protestant percentage of 46% if the last two populations are combined. Protestants, collectively added up to almost two million people. "The conclusion is that Puerto Rico is no longer predominantly Catholic." [6]

Present situation

[5] and her followers founded the "Mita" congregation, the only Protestant religion of Puerto Rican origin.Juanita Garcia Peraza An interdenominational Seminary, Seminario Evangélico de Puerto Rico was begun in 1909. There is a Council of Churches, founded by the cooperating denominations of the original community agreement. In 1940, [4]

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