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Title: Stephanoberyciformes  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cetomimiformes, Actinopterygii, Pricklefish, Acanthopterygii, Neopterygii
Collection: Acanthopterygii, Stephanoberyciformes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Stephanoberyciformes are an order of marine ray-finned fishes, consisting of about 68 species, the majority (61) of which belong to the ridgehead family (Melamphaidae). The Stephanoberyciformes are mostly uncommon deep-sea species with little, if any, importance to commercial fishery. They share many morphological similarities with the Beryciformes, their sister order.

Some sources[1] classify their other close relatives, the whalefishes, as a superfamily herein, named Cetomimoidea. Most taxa traditionally placed here would then be the Stephanoberyciodea.

The families are:

Common characteristics include a generally rounded body, a toothless palate, rather thin skull bones, and a missing orbitosphenoid bone (except for Hispidoberyx).

The gibberfishes on the other hand appear to be closer to whalefishes such as velvet whalefish, Barbourisia rufa.[2]


  1. ^ E.g. Nelson (2006)
  2. ^ Paxton et al. (2001)


  • Nelson, J.S. (2006): Fishes of the World (4th ed.). ISBN 0-471-25031-7
  • Paxton, John R.; Johnson, G. David & Trnski, Thomas (2001): Larvae and juveniles of the deepsea "whalefishes" Barbourisia and Rondeletia (Stephanoberyciformes: Barbourisiidae, Rondeletiidae), with comments on family relationships. Records of the Australian Museum 53(3): 407-425. PDF fulltext

External links

  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2005). "Stephanoberyciformes" in FishBase. March 2005 version.
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