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6th United States Congress

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Title: 6th United States Congress  
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6th United States Congress


The Sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1799 to March 4, 1801, during the last two years of John Adams's presidency. It was the last Congress of the 18th century and the first to convene in the 19th. The apportionment of seats in House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Federalist majority. This was the last Congress in which the Federalist Party controlled the presidency or either chamber of Congress.

President of the Senate Thomas Jefferson

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted and territories organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

House of Representatives


Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

President pro tempore
Samuel Livermore

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1802; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1804; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1800.
Speaker of the House Theodore Sedgwick

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

Senate

There were 7 resignations and 1 vacancy at the beginning of Congress. The Federalists had a 1 seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 2 seat net gain.


|- | Virginia
(2) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Henry Tazewell (DR) died before the beginning of this Congress | | Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) | Elected December 5, 1799 |- | Delaware
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Henry Latimer (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 28, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel White (F) | Appointed February 28, 1800 |- | New York
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Watson (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 19, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Gouverneur Morris (F) | Elected April 3, 1800 |- | Massachusetts
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Dexter (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 30, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Dwight Foster (F) | Elected June 6, 1800 |- | New York
(3) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | John Laurance (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in August, 1800 | | John Armstrong (DR) | Elected November 6, 1800 |- | Massachusetts
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Benjamin Goodhue (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 8, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Jonathan Mason (F) | Elected November 14, 1800 |- | Maryland
(3) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Lloyd (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 1, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William Hindman (F) | Elected December 12, 1800 |- | New Jersey
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Schureman (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 16, 1801 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Aaron Ogden (F) | Elected February 28, 1801 |}

House of Representatives

There were 6 resignations and 3 deaths. The Federalists had a 4 seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 3 seat net gain.


|- | New York
1st
| style="background:#AACC99" | Jonathan Havens (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 25, 1799 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Smith (DR) | February 27, 1800 |- | Northwest Territory
At-large
| William Henry Harrison | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 14, 1800 to become Territorial Governor of Indiana | William McMillan | November 24, 1800 |- | Connecticut
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Jonathan Brace (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | John Cotton Smith (F) | November 17, 1800 |- | Massachusetts
10th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Sewall (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 10, 1800 to become a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Nathan Read (F) | November 25, 1800 |- | Massachusetts
4th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Dwight Foster (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 6, 1800, having been elected U.S. Senator | style="background:#AACC99" | Levi Lincoln (DR) | December 15, 1800 |- | Virginia
13th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | John Marshall (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 7, 1800 to become Secretary of State | style="background:#AACC99" | Littleton W. Tazewell (DR) | November 26, 1800 |- | New Hampshire
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William Gordon (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 12, 1800, to become New Hampshire Attorney General | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Tenney (F) | December 8, 1800 |- | Massachusetts
3rd
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Samuel Lyman (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 6, 1800 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Ebenezer Mattoon (F) | February 2, 1801 |- | Pennsylvania
8th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Georgia
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James Jones (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 11, 1801 | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |}

Administrative officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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