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Aquilegia caerulea

Aquilegia caerulea
Aquilegia caerulea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Aquilegia
Species: A. caerulea
Binomial name
Aquilegia caerulea

Aquilegia caerulea is a species of Aquilegia flower native to the Rocky Mountains from Montana south to New Mexico and west to Idaho and Arizona. Its common name is Colorado Blue Columbine; sometimes it is called "Rocky Mountain Columbine", but this properly refers to Aquilegia saximontana.

Colorado Blue Columbine
Yellow-pink color variant

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 20–60 cm tall. The flowers are very variable in color, from pale blue (as in the species name caerulea) to white, pale yellow and pinkish; very commonly the flowers are bicolored, with the sepals a different shade to the petals.

Aquilegia caerulea is the state flower of Colorado. It is also an ornamental plant in gardens, with numerous cultivars selected for different flower colors.

There are five varieties:

  • Aquilegia caerulea var. alpina
  • Aquilegia caerulea var. caerulea
  • Aquilegia caerulea var. daileyae
  • Aquilegia caerulea var. ochroleuca
  • Aquilegia caerulea var. pinetorum


cv. 'Crimson Star' in visible light, UV (showing nectar guides), and IR.

Cultivars include 'Origami' [1] and 'Crimson Star'.

External links

  • Aquilegia caeruleaUSDA Plant Profile:
  • Colorado state flower
  • Genome sequencingAquilegia coerulea


  1. ^ Trim Tree Nursery: Aquilegia caerulea 'Origami Mix'

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