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Cedar City, Utah

Cedar City, Utah
City
City of Cedar City
Downtown's historic Main Street in September 2005.
Downtown's historic Main Street in September 2005.
Location in Iron County and the state of Utah.
Location in Iron County and the state of Utah.
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Utah
County Iron
Founded November 11, 1851
Incorporated February 18, 1868
Named for Juniper ("cedar") trees
Government
 • Mayor Maile Wilson
Area
 • Total 20.1 sq mi (52.0 km2)
 • Land 20.1 sq mi (52.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,846 ft (1,782 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 28,857
 • Density 1,021.8/sq mi (394.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 84720-84721
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-11320[1]
GNIS feature ID 1426441[2]

Cedar City is a city in Iron County, Utah, United States, 250 miles (400 km) south of Salt Lake City, and 180 miles (290 km) north of Las Vegas on Interstate 15. It is the home of Southern Utah University, the Utah Shakespeare Festival, the Utah Summer Games, the Neil Simon Theatre Festival, and other events. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 28,857. In 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated Cedar City's population to be 29,213.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography and climate 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Notable people 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The presence of prehistoric people in the Cedar City area is revealed by rock art found in Parowan Gap to the north and Fremont sites dated to A.D. 1000 and 1300. Ancestors of the present-day southern Paiute Indians met the Dominguez–Escalante Expedition in this area in 1776. Fifty years later, in 1826, mountain man and fur trader Jedediah Smith traveled through the area exploring a route from Utah to California.

Cedar City was originally settled in late 1851 by Mormon pioneers originating from Parowan, Utah, who were sent to build an iron works. The site, known as "Fort Cedar" or "Cedar City," was equidistant from vast iron deposits 10 miles (16 km) west and coal resources 10 miles (16 km) up Cedar Canyon, but was named after the abundant local trees (which are actually Junipers instead of Cedar). Two companies of men led by Henry Lunt reached the fort site in a blizzard on November 11, 1851, making that date the official founding. In 1855, a new site, closer to the iron works and out of the flood plain of Coal Creek, was established at the suggestion of Brigham Young; present day Cedar City is located at this site. Cedar City was incorporated on February 18, 1868.

The iron works closed in 1858, though iron mining continued in the area until the 1980s. The completion of a railroad connection to Cedar City in 1923 established the area as a tourism gateway to nearby Bryce Canyon National Park, Zion National Park, and Grand Canyon National Park, in addition to Cedar Breaks National Monument. Cedar City continues to be a center of tourism, commercial development, education and the arts in southwestern Utah.

The city has shared in the rapid growth of much of Southwestern Utah since the late 1980s.

Geography and climate

Historic Main Street

Cedar City is located in the southeast St. George—the two cities, for example, share a daily newspaper.

Cedar City is located at 37°40'57" North, 113°4'28" West (37.682606, -113.074402).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52 km2), none of which is covered with water.

The city is located on the western edge of the San Diego is 500 miles (800 km) south on Interstate 15, Phoenix is 465 miles (748 km) south via Interstate 15 and US-93, and Denver is 580 miles (930 km) east via Interstates 15 and 70.

A branch line of the Union Pacific Railroad services customers on the western outskits of the city. The branch connects to the railway's main line at Lund.

Cedar City Regional Airport

offers flights via SkyWest Airlines.

Climate data for Cedar City Airport, Utah (1971 to 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
73
(23)
77
(25)
73
(23)
96
(36)
101
(38)
105
(41)
100
(38)
97
(36)
88
(31)
75
(24)
68
(20)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 41.8
(5.4)
46.7
(8.2)
53.5
(11.9)
61.2
(16.2)
71.1
(21.7)
83.1
(28.4)
89.4
(31.9)
87.1
(30.6)
78.9
(26.1)
66.1
(18.9)
51.6
(10.9)
42.7
(5.9)
64.43
(18.01)
Average low °F (°C) 18.5
(−7.5)
22.8
(−5.1)
28.4
(−2)
33.7
(0.9)
41.5
(5.3)
50.1
(10.1)
57.8
(14.3)
56.8
(13.8)
47.6
(8.7)
36.0
(2.2)
25.9
(−3.4)
18.6
(−7.4)
36.48
(2.49)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−24
(−31)
−1
(−18)
6
(−14)
21
(−6)
26
(−3)
40
(4)
36
(2)
23
(−5)
−7
(−22)
−7
(−22)
−23
(−31)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.90
(22.9)
0.97
(24.6)
1.34
(34)
1.00
(25.4)
0.91
(23.1)
0.45
(11.4)
0.93
(23.6)
1.15
(29.2)
0.83
(21.1)
1.30
(33)
0.97
(24.6)
0.65
(16.5)
11.4
(289.4)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.1
(23.1)
9.0
(22.9)
8.5
(21.6)
5.2
(13.2)
1.5
(3.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.3
(5.8)
6.1
(15.5)
6.0
(15.2)
47.9
(121.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 6.4 6.5 8.8 6.6 6.1 3.2 5.3 6.4 4.7 5.8 5.6 5.8 71.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.1 4.4 4.7 2.9 0.8 0.1 0 0 0.1 1.0 3.2 3.6 25.9
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[5]

Demographics

Aerial photo of Cedar City.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 20,527 people, 6,486 households, and 4,682 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,021.8 people per square mile (394.5/km²). There were 7,109 housing units at an average density of 353.9 per square mile (136.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.06% White, 2.53% African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population.

There were 6,486 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 27.4% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males..

The median income for a household in the city was $32,403, and the median income for a family was $37,509. Males had a median income of $31,192 versus $19,601 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,057. About 14.5% of the families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under the age of 18 and 4.2% of those 65 and older.

Economy

The economy is mostly centered around a small manufacturing hub, tourism, and home construction.

Notable people

The colorful mountains east of Cedar City at sunset

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  4. ^ Monthly Snowfall Totals for CEDAR CITY FAA AIRPORT, UTAH (421267)
  5. ^ "Climatic Averages for the United States 1971–2000: CEDAR CITY, UT" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  • Seegmiller, Janet Burton. A History of Iron County: Community Above Self. Salt Lake City, UT: Iron County Commission and Utah State Historical Society, 1997.

External links

  • City's website
  • Utah Summer Games Three week sports festival hosted by Cedar City
  • Website for Cedar City's Chamber of Commerce
  • Utah Midsummer Renaissance Faire A Four Day Renaissance Faire in Downtown Cedar City
  • Iron County School District Cedar City Public Schools
  • Cedar City Photos in Sherratt Library Digital Collection Old photos of cedar city including main street, aerials, and mining operations, etc.
  • Cedar City Facebook page


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