World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

Article Id: WHEBN0026206547
Reproduction Date:

Title: Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art, List of honours of the Norwegian Royal Family by country, List of honours of the Swedish Royal Family by country, List of honours of the Thai Royal Family by country, Atta ur Rahman (scientist)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic
Grand Star and Sash of the Order
Awarded by  Austria
Type State decoration
with 15 Grades
Awarded for Meritorious service
to the Austrian nation
Description National Order of Merit
Statistics
Established 2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher) None
Next (lower) Austrian Decoration for Science and the Arts

Ribbon of the Order

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria or Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.

The Order comprises 15 grades and is Austria's highest national honour.

History

The "Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria" was established by the National Council in 1952.[1] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government, the awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[1] The President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

Classes

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the 15 classes as follows:

  1. Grand Star (Groß-Stern).[2]
  2. Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  3. Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande).[2]
  4. Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Großes Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  5. Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Großes Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern).[2]
  6. Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  7. Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  8. Grand Decoration of Honour (Großes Ehrenzeichen).[2]
  9. Decoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  10. Decoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen).[3]
  11. Decoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  12. Decoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen).[3]
  13. Gold Medal (Goldene Medaille).[3]
  14. Silver Medal (Silberne Medaille).[3]
  15. Bronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), which is no longer awarded.[3]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" awarded for bravery and lifesaving.[3]

Classes of the decoration
The five higher classes with Breast Star. 
The seven lower classes of the Decoration. 
Three Medals in Gold, Silver and Bronze. 

Notable recipients

See also List of Austrian Honours awarded to Heads of State and Royals

Below a list with names of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronological order with the year of award in brackets:

Grand Star recipients

Other select recipients

Notes

  1. ^ a b Hofburg: Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Ehrenzeichen (German).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German).
  4. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102. 
  5. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). p. 280.Testimony,
  6. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). p. 129.Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World,
  7. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio
  8. ^ Austrian Information, May/June 2004
  9. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Telegraph. 17 March 2005. 
  10. ^ Covington & Burling: Eizenstat bio
  11. ^ Council of Europe: Schwimmer bio
  12. ^ Lancaster University [1]

References

  • Poul Ohm Hieronymussen, Poul Ohm. (1967). Orders and Decorations of Europe in Color. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 796549
  • Werlich, Robert. (1965). Orders and Decorations of All Nations: Ancient and Modern, Civil and Military. Washington, D.C.: Quaker Press. OCLC 390804

External links

  • Austrian decorations (Deutsch)
  • Website of the President
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.