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English pronunciation of Greek letters

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Title: English pronunciation of Greek letters  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Leon M. Lederman, Pi, English words of Greek origin, English phonology, Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering, Oops-Leon, Ancient Greek phonology, Pronunciation respelling for English
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English pronunciation of Greek letters

This table gives the common English pronunciation of Greek letters using the International Phonetic Alphabet (see World Heritage Encyclopedia:IPA for English.) It is the pronunciation of the ancient Greek names of the Greek letters using the English teaching pronunciation. Sometimes, especially in the sciences, the vowels will be pronounced closer to the Greek, for example /ˈpsiː/ instead of /ˈsaɪ/ for psi.

Greek Ancient Greek
name[1]
English
name
English
pronunciation
Α α ἅλφα Alpha /ˈælfə/
Β β βῆτα Beta /ˈbiːtə/, US /ˈbeɪtə/
Γ γ γάμμα Gamma /ˈɡæmə/
Δ δ δέλτα Delta /ˈdɛltə/
Ε ε ἔ ψιλόν Epsilon /ˈɛpsɨlɒn/, UK also /ɛpˈsaɪlən/
Ζ ζ ζῆτα Zeta /ˈziːtə/, US /ˈzeɪtə/
Η η ῆτα Eta /ˈiːtə/, US /ˈeɪtə/
Θ θ θῆτα Theta /ˈθiːtə/, US /ˈθeɪtə/
Ι ι ἰῶτα Iota /aɪˈoʊtə/
Κ κ κάππα Kappa /ˈkæpə/
Λ λ λάμβδα Lambda /ˈlæmdə/
Μ μ μῦ Mu /ˈmjuː/, US less commonly /ˈmuː/
Ν ν νῦ Nu /ˈnjuː/, US /ˈnuː/
Ξ ξ ξεῖ Xi /ˈzaɪ/, /ˈksaɪ/
Ο ο ὄ μικρόν Omicron /ˈɒmɨkrɒn/, traditional UK /oʊˈmaɪkrɒn/
Π π πεῖ Pi /ˈpaɪ/
Ρ ρ ῥῶ Rho /ˈroʊ/
Σ σ
ς (final)
σῖγμα Sigma /ˈsɪɡmə/
Τ τ ταῦ Tau /ˈtaʊ/, also /ˈtɔː/
Υ υ ὔψιλόν Upsilon /juːpˈsaɪlən/, /ˈʊpsɨlɒn/, UK also /ʌpˈsaɪlən/, US /ˈʌpsɨlɒn/
Φ φ φεῖ Phi /ˈfaɪ/
Χ χ χεῖ Chi /ˈkaɪ/
Ψ ψ ψεῖ Psi /ˈsaɪ/, /ˈpsaɪ/
Ω ω ὦ μέγα Omega US /oʊˈmeɪɡə/, traditional UK /ˈoʊmɨɡə/[2]

References

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