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Enoch Poor

Enoch Poor. Painting by Ulysses Dow Tenney, 1873, after an earlier portrait by Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Enoch Poor (June 21, 1736, Old Style? – September 8, 1780) was a brigadier general in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He was a ship builder and merchant from Exeter, New Hampshire.

Biography

Poor was born and raised in Jeffrey Amherst's expedition to retake it during the French and Indian War. His unit enforced the expulsion of the Acadians. After the war, he came home to Andover, but only briefly. Poor eloped with Martha Osgood, and the newlyweds settled in Exeter.

Poor supported the separatists as early as the Stamp Act protests in 1765. He served on various committees for the town throughout the period of rising rebellion. In 1775 he was twice elected to the provincial Assembly. When the Battle of Lexington caused the assembly to call for three regiments of militia, Poor became the colonel of the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment.

While the other regiments under colonels John Stark and James Reed were sent to Boston, the 2nd was stationed at Portsmouth and Exeter. After the Battle of Bunker Hill, they were also sent to Boston, arriving on June 25. In the summer of 1775, the unit was absorbed into the Continental Army. They were soon ordered into the Northern Department and went with General Richard Montgomery's invasion of Canada.

After the disaster in Canada, Poor led the survivors of his regiment in early 1776 back to Fort Ticonderoga. After refitting and recruiting, the unit was renamed as the 8th Continental regiment and joined Washington's main army in December 1776 at winter quarters near Morristown, New Jersey.

The monument to Gen. Poor, just a few feet from his burial site in Hackensack.

The Congress named Poor a brigadier general on February 21, 1777. That spring, his brigade of three New Hampshire (1st, 2nd and 3rd) and two New York regiments (2nd and 4th)was sent back to Ticonderoga. He withdrew with the rest of Arthur St. Clair's force of July 5. Moving south, they joined General Horatio Gates before the Battle of Saratoga, and his brigade was expanded by two regiments of Connecticut militia (Cook's and Latimer's).

In the first engagement of Saratoga, the Simon Fraser's regulars engaged while Benedict Arnold led attacks on the central column.

In the second engagement, the

  • A General on The Sullivan-Clinton Campaign Vs. Iroquoia
  • State Builders: An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire. State Builders Publishing Manchester, NH 1903

External links

  1. ^ Enoch Poor at Find a Grave

References

Afterward Poor was assigned to

Poor's brigade again spent the winter with the main army, this time at Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778. He accompanied the Sullivan Expedition in 1779, leading a brigade in the victory at Battle of Newtown.

Poor's burial site. The inscription includes: In 1824, Lafayette re visited this grave, and turning away much affected, exclaimed, Ah, that was one of my Generals.
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