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Erastus Root

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Title: Erastus Root  
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Subject: United States congressional delegations from New York, Lee Zeldin, Elise Stefanik, Samuel Young (New York), New York gubernatorial election, 1822
Collection: 1773 Births, 1846 Deaths, Dartmouth College Alumni, Democratic-Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Jacksonian Members of the United States House of Representatives, Lieutenant Governors of New York, Members of the United States House of Representatives from New York, New York Democratic-Republicans, New York Jacksonians, New York State Senators, New York Whigs, People from Tolland County, Connecticut, Speakers of the New York State Assembly
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Erastus Root

Portrait of General Erastus Root by Rembrandt Peale, 1823

Erastus Root (March 16, 1773 in Hebron, then Windham County, now Tolland County, Connecticut – December 24, 1846 in New York City) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

Root graduated from Dartmouth College in 1793 and became a teacher. Then he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1796, and commenced practice in Delhi, New York.

Erastus Root was a member of the New York State Assembly (Delaware Co.) in 1798–99, 1800–01 and 1802. Root was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 8th United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1803, to March 3, 1805. Afterwards he resumed his law practice. He was then elected to the 11th United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1811, and was Chairman of the Committee on Claims. Root was a member of the New York State Senate (Middle D.) from 1812 to 1815, sitting in the 35th, 36th, 37th and 38th New York State Legislatures.

In 1815, Root contested successfully the election of John Adams to the 14th United States Congress, and took his seat on December 26, 1815, served until March 3, 1817, and was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the War Department.

He was again a member of the State Assembly (Delaware Co.) in 1818, 1819, 1820 and 1820–21; and was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821. He was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1823 to 1824, but was defeated when running for re-election on the ticket with Samuel Young in 1824. However, in March-April of 1824, Erastus

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