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Flag of Fiji

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Title: Flag of Fiji  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Coat of arms of Fiji, Outline of Fiji, Fiji, Flag of Niue, Flag of the Cook Islands
Collection: 1970 Introductions, Blue Ensigns, National Flags, National Symbols of Fiji
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of Fiji

Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 10 October 1970
Design A light blue ensign with the Fijian shield-of-arms in the fly
Variant flag of Fiji
Use historical
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 1924
Design A light Blue Ensign with the Fijian coat-of-arms in the fly
Variant flag of Fiji
Use historical
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 1908
Design A light Blue Ensign with the Fijian coat-of-arms in the fly
Variant flag of Fiji
Use Historical
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1871
Design Light blue and white bicolor, with red shield containing a dove, and a crown above it.

The current flag of Fiji was adopted on 10 October 1970. The state arms have been slightly modified but the flag has remained the same as during the colonial period. It is a defaced sky-blue "Blue Ensign" (the actual Blue Ensign version of the flag is the Government ensign). It has remained unchanged since Fiji was declared a republic in 1987, despite calls from some politicians (such as Opposition Senator Atu Emberson-Bain) for changes.

Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama announced plans in 2013 of replacing the national flag with a new design that would not include the Union Jack.


  • Design 1
  • Proposal for a new flag 2
  • Ensigns of Fiji 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Its bright blue background symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, which plays an important part in the lives of the islanders, both in terms of the fishing industry, and the huge tourist trade. The Union Jack reflects the country's links with the United Kingdom. The shield is derived from the country's official coat of arms, which was originally granted by Royal Warrant in 1908. It is a white shield with a red cross and a red chief (upper third of a shield). The images depicted on the shield represent agricultural activities on the islands, and the historical associations with the United Kingdom. At the top of the shield, a British lion holds a cocoa pod between its paws. The upper left is sugar cane, upper right is a coconut palm, the lower left a dove of peace, and the lower right a bunch of bananas.

The current flag is very similar to the colonial ensign used prior to independence, the main differences being the latter used a darker shade of blue and displayed the entire Fijian coat of arms as opposed to just the shield. While some reformists have called for the removal of the Union Flag, seeing it a British colonial emblem, others support its retention for the sake of historical continuity. The flags of three other independent countries (see Flag of Australia, Flag of New Zealand, and Flag of Tuvalu) currently retain the Union Flag in their national flags.

Full Fijian Coat-of-Arms

Some influential Fijians have called for the restoration of the full coat of arms to the flag. On 30 November 2005, Fiji's Great Council of Chiefs called for the two warrior figures, who guard the shield on the coat of arms, to be placed on the flag, along with a miniature canoe and the national motto, Rerevaka na kalou ka doka na tui ("Fear God and honour the Queen") — symbols that were featured on the original flag of the Kingdom of Viti, the first unified Fijian state created under the leadership of Seru Epenisa Cakobau in 1871.

"The coat of arms is very significant because it has the word of God, then it has the two warriors and the Fijian canoe also. I think that the council members prefer that the full coat of arms be included in the Fiji flag," said Asesela Sadole, General Secretary of the Great Council of Chiefs.

Presidential Standard

Prior to ceding the country to British rule in 1874, the government of Fiji adopted a national flag featuring blue and white vertical stripes, with in the centre a red shield depicting a white dove.[1] This flag ceased to be used when the colonial era began and Fiji relinquished its independence. Fiji was a British colony from 1874 to 1970.

Proposal for a new flag

In his New Year's Day address in 2013, Prime Minister Commodore Frank Bainimarama announced that the flag would soon be changed so as "to reflect a sense of national renewal, to reinforce a new Fijian identity and a new confidence in being Fijian on the global stage". The change in the flag would accompany the adoption of a new Constitution, intended by Fiji's military leader (who came to power in a coup in December 2006) to establish a "one person, one vote", non-racial and secular democracy under military oversight. The country, a republic, had removed the Queen from its currency a few weeks earlier.[2]

On 3 February 2015, Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama said the flag of Fiji will be replaced.[3] A national competition to design the new flag will be held, with the aim of hoisting it on 11 October 2015, the 45th anniversary of independence.[4]

On 9 June 2015, 23 finalist designs were selected by Fiji’s National Flag Committee. Designs will be submitted to the Cabinet for consideration before going on to Parliament.[5]

As of 30 October the new flag for Fiji has not yet been revealed, yet is still expected to be revealed soon.

Ensigns of Fiji

File:FIAV 000100.svg Merchant Ensign
Merchant Ensign
File:FIAV 000010.svg Government Ensign
Government Ensign
File:FIAV 000001.svg Naval Ensign
Naval Ensign
Civil Air Ensign
Civil Air Ensign


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  • High Commission of the Republic of the Fiji Islands to New Zealand – National Symbols of Fiji. "Ensigns for use in Government vessels, in merchant ships and in naval vessels are of the same basic design, but have dark blue, red and white background respectively". Accessed 2 February 2006
  • Barraclough, E. M. C. and Crampton, W. G. (1978). Flags of the World. London: Frederick Warne. ISBN 0-7232-2015-8. P. 209 et seq. "The Civil Air Ensign is like that of Britain, except that it has the shield of Fiji placed on the arm of the cross."

External links

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