List of U.S. States by population

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, it gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, but no more votes than the state with the fewest votes, which is currently three (e.g. Wyoming). Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3] The 11 most populous states, representing 56% of the population, have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president.

States and territories

Rank in
the Fifty
States
,
2012
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory
Population estimate for
July 1, 2012
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Census population,
April 1, 2000
Seats in
U.S. House,
2013–2023
Presi-
dential
Electors

2012–
2020
2010 Census Pop.
per
House
seat[4]
2000 Census Pop.
per
House
seat
2000 Census Pop.
per
Pres. Elector
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2010[5]
!000001 !000001  California 38,041,430 37,253,956 33,871,648 !000053 !000055 702,905 639,088 615,848 11.91%
!000002 !000002  Texas 26,059,203 25,145,561 20,851,820 !000036 !000038 785,799 651,619 613,289 8.04%
!000003 !000003  New York 19,570,261 19,378,102 18,976,457 !000027 !000029 668,210 654,361 612,144 6.19%
!000004 !000004  Florida 19,317,568 18,801,310 15,982,378 !000027 !000029 752,052 639,295 591,940 6.01%
!000005 !000005  Illinois 12,875,255 12,830,632 12,419,293 !000018 !000020 675,296 653,647 591,395 4.10%
!000006 !000006  Pennsylvania 12,763,536 12,702,379 12,281,054 !000018 !000020 668,546 646,371 584,812 4.06%
!000007 !000007  Ohio 11,544,225 11,536,504 11,353,140 !000016 !000018 640,917 630,730 567,657 3.69%
!000008 !000008  Georgia 9,919,945 9,687,653 8,186,453 !000014 !000016 745,204 629,727 545,764 3.10%
!000009 !000009  Michigan 9,883,360 9,883,640 9,938,444 !000014 !000016 658,909 662,563 584,614 3.16%
!000010 !000010  North Carolina 9,752,073 9,535,483 8,049,313 !000013 !000015 733,499 619,178 536,621 3.05%
!000011 !000011  New Jersey 8,864,590 8,791,894 8,414,350 !000012 !000014 676,300 647,258 560,957 2.81%
!000012 !000012  Virginia 8,185,867 8,001,024 7,078,515 !000011 !000013 727,366 643,501 544,501 2.56%
!000013 !000013  Washington 6,897,012 6,724,540 5,894,121 !000010 !000012 747,171 654,902 535,829 2.15%
!000014 !000014  Massachusetts 6,646,144 6,547,629 6,349,097 !000009 !000011 654,763 634,910 529,091 2.09%
!000015 !000015  Arizona 6,553,255 6,392,017 5,130,632 !000009 !000011 799,002 641,329 513,063 2.04%
!000016 !000016  Indiana 6,537,334 6,483,802 6,080,485 !000009 !000011 720,422 675,609 552,771 2.07%
!000017 !000017  Tennessee 6,456,243 6,346,105 5,689,283 !000009 !000011 705,123 632,143 517,208 2.03%
!000018 !000018  Missouri 6,021,988 5,988,927 5,595,211 !000008 !000010 665,436 621,690 508,656 1.91%
!000019 !000019  Maryland 5,884,563 5,773,552 5,296,486 !000008 !000010 721,694 662,061 529,649 1.85%
!000020 !000020  Wisconsin 5,726,398 5,686,986 5,363,675 !000008 !000010 710,873 670,459 536,368 1.82%
!000021 !000021  Minnesota 5,379,139 5,303,925 4,919,479 !000008 !000010 662,991 614,935 491,948 1.70%
!000022 !000022  Colorado 5,187,582 5,029,196 4,301,261 !000007 !000009 720,704 614,466 477,918 1.61%
!000023 !000023  Alabama 4,822,023 4,779,736 4,447,100 !000007 !000009 682,819 635,300 494,122 1.53%
!000024 !000024  South Carolina 4,723,723 4,625,364 4,012,012 !000007 !000009 770,894 668,669 501,502 1.48%
!000025 !000025  Louisiana 4,601,893 4,533,372 4,468,976 !000006 !000008 647,625 638,425 496,553 1.45%
!000026 !000026  Kentucky 4,380,415 4,339,367 4,041,769 !000006 !000008 723,228 673,628 505,221 1.39%
!000027 !000027  Oregon 3,899,353 3,831,074 3,421,399 !000005 !000007 766,215 684,280 488,771 1.22%
!000028 !000028  Oklahoma 3,814,820 3,751,351 3,450,654 !000005 !000007 750,270 690,131 492,951 1.20%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000029  Puerto Rico 3,667,084 3,725,789 3,808,610 [6] !000000 1.19%
!000029 !000030  Connecticut 3,590,347 3,574,097 3,405,565 !000005 !000007 714,819 681,113 486,509 1.14%
!000030 !000031  Iowa 3,074,186 3,046,355 2,926,324 !000004 !000006 609,271 585,265 418,046 0.97%
!000031 !000032  Mississippi 2,984,926 2,967,297 2,844,658 !000004 !000006 741,824 711,165 474,110 0.95%
!000032 !000033  Arkansas 2,949,131 2,915,918 2,673,400 !000004 !000006 728,980 668,350 445,567 0.93%
!000033 !000034  Kansas 2,885,905 2,853,118 2,688,418 !000004 !000006 713,280 672,105 448,070 0.91%
!000034 !000035  Utah 2,855,287 2,763,885 2,233,169 !000004 !000006 921,295 744,390 446,634 0.88%
!000035 !000036  Nevada 2,758,931 2,700,551 1,998,257 !000004 !000006 900,184 666,086 399,651 0.86%
!000036 !000037  New Mexico 2,085,538 2,059,179 1,819,046 !000003 !000005 686,393 606,349 363,809 0.66%
!000037 !000038  Nebraska 1,855,525 1,826,341 1,711,263 !000003 !000005 608,780 570,421 342,253 0.58%
!000038 !000039  West Virginia 1,855,413 1,852,994 1,808,344 !000003 !000005 617,665 602,781 361,669 0.59%
!000039 !000040  Idaho 1,595,728 1,567,582 1,293,953 !000002 !000004 783,791 646,977 323,488 0.51%
!000040 !000041  Hawaii 1,392,313 1,360,301 1,211,537 !000002 !000004 680,151 605,769 302,884 0.43%
!000041 !000042  Maine 1,329,192 1,328,361 1,274,923 !000002 !000004 664,181 637,462 318,731 0.42%
!000042 !000043  New Hampshire 1,320,718 1,316,470 1,235,786 !000002 !000004 658,235 617,893 308,947 0.42%
!000043 !000044  Rhode Island 1,050,292 1,052,567 1,048,319 !000002 !000004 526,284 524,160 262,080 0.34%
!000044 !000045  Montana 1,005,141 989,415 902,195 !000001 !000003 999,243 902,195 300,732 0.32%
!000045 !000046  Delaware 917,092 897,934 783,600 !000001 !000003 900,877 783,600 261,200 0.29%
!000046 !000047  South Dakota 833,354 814,180 754,844 !000001 !000003 814,180 754,844 251,615 0.26%
!000047 !000048  Alaska 731,449 710,231 626,932 !000001 !000003 710,231 626,932 208,977 0.23%
!000048 !000049  North Dakota 699,628 672,591 642,200 !000001 !000003 672,591 642,200 214,067 0.21%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000050  District of Columbia 632,323 601,723 572,059 [6] !000003 190,686 0.19%
!000049 !000051  Vermont 626,011 625,741 608,827 !000001 !000003 625,741 608,827 202,942 0.20%
!000050 !000052  Wyoming 576,412 563,626 493,782 !000001 !000003 563,626 493,782 164,594 0.18%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000053  Guam 159,358 [1] 154,805 [6] !000000 0.06%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000054  U.S. Virgin Islands 106,405 [2] 108,612 [6] !000000 0.04%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000055  American Samoa 55,519 [3] 57,291 [6] !000000 0.02%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 !000056  Northern Mariana Islands 53,883 [4] 69,221 [6] !000000 0.02%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 The Fifty States 313,281,717 308,143,815 280,849,847 435 535 709,760 645,632 524,953 98.48%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 50 States + D.C. 313,914,040 308,745,538 281,421,906 435 538 523,089 98.67%
Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/0 Total U.S. territory 312,913,872 285,620,445 435 538 100.00%

— not applicable

See also

References

General
  • "2010 Apportionment Population", U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2011
  • Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific

External links

  • United States Government
    • United States Census Bureau
      • 2010 United States Census
      • USCB population estimates
    • United States Office of Management and Budget
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