World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National intranet

Article Id: WHEBN0037110249
Reproduction Date:

Title: National intranet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Censorship, Telecommunications in North Korea, Code of Practices for Television Broadcasters, Telecommunications in Paraguay, Concision (media studies)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

National intranet

A national intranet is an Internet protocol-based walled garden network maintaned by a nation state as a national substitute for the global Internet, with the aim of controlling and monitoring the communications of its inhabitants, as well as restricting their access to outside media. Other names have been used, such as the use of the term "halal internet" in Islamic countries.

Such networks generally come with access to state-controlled media and national alternatives to foreign-run Internet services: search engines, web-based email, and so forth. Such networks can be viewed as the final endpoint of a policy of Internet censorship and computer surveillance, in which the public Internet and its services are completely replaced by ersatz state-controlled alternatives under the control of the state.

North Korea's Kwangmyong network, dating back to 2000, is the most famous of these networks. Cuba and Myanmar also use a similar network system that is separated from the rest of the Internet.[1]

In April 2011, a senior Iranian official, Ali Agha-Mohammadi announced government plans to launch its own "halal internet", which would conform to Islamic values and provide "appropriate" services.[2] Creating such a network, similar to the North Korean example, would prevent unwanted information from outside of Iran getting into the closed system.[1] The Iranian walled garden would have its own localized email service and search engine.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Christopher Rhoads and Farnaz Fassihi (May 28, 2011). "Iran Vows to Unplug Internet". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  2. ^ "Iran clamps down on Internet use", Saeed Kamali Dehghan, The Guardian, 5 January 2012
  3. ^ Ryan Paul (April 10, 2012). "Iran moving ahead with plans for national intranet". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.