World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Oscar L. Chapman

Article Id: WHEBN0001422304
Reproduction Date:

Title: Oscar L. Chapman  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dillon S. Myer, Ernest F. Coe, Gateway Arch, Robert McClelland (American politician), James P. McGranery
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Oscar L. Chapman

Oscar Littleton Chapman
34th United States Secretary of the Interior
In office
December 1, 1949 – January 20, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Julius A. Krug
Succeeded by Douglas McKay
Personal details
Born (1896-10-22)October 22, 1896
Omega, Virginia, U.S.
Died February 8, 1978(1978-02-08) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Olga Edholm Chapman
Ann Kendrick Chapman
Children James Raleigh "Jimmy" Chapman
Alma mater University of Denver
University of New Mexico
Religion Methodist
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy Medical Corps
Years of service 1918-1920
Battles/wars World War I

Oscar Littleton Chapman (October 22, 1896 – February 8, 1978) was the U.S. Secretary of the Interior, during President Truman's administration, from 1949 to 1953.

Early life and career

Chapman was born in Omega, Virginia, to James Jackson Chapman, a Virginia farmer, and his wife, Rosa Archer Blunt. He attended the University of Denver, where he earned his LL.D., and Westminster Law School in Denver, and later graduated from the University of New Mexico.

During World War I, Chapman served in the United States Navy Medical Corps, from 1918 to 1920. Chapman was manager of Edward P. Costigan's Senate campaign in 1930, and the Alva B. Adams Senate campaign in 1932. After Franklin Roosevelt's election in 1932, he was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Department of the Interior.

Secretary of the Interior Oscar L. Chapman (right), Under Secretary of the Interior Jebby Davidson (center), and the Harry S. Truman, (December 21, 1950).

In 1939, Chapman was an early victim of the American League for Peace and Democracy, which was raising money for the loyalists during the Spanish Civil War).

At the 1944 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois, Chapman was impressed by Truman sticking to his early agreement to support the current Vice-President Henry A. Wallace. He was promoted to serve as the Under-Secretary by President Harry S. Truman in 1946. Chapman was one of Truman's advisers supporting the decision to recognize the state of Israel in May 1948 over the objections of the State Department.

Chapman worked to promote Truman in 1948 election, and

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.