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Roger McGough

Roger McGough
Born Roger Joseph McGough
(1937-11-09) 9 November 1937
Litherland, Lancashire, England
Occupation Poet, broadcaster, writer, children's author
Language English
Nationality British
Education B.A. French and Geography
Alma mater University of Hull
Literary movement Liverpool poets
Notable works The Mersey Sound 1967
Notable awards OBE 1997; CBE 2004; Cholmondeley Award 1998.

Roger McGough CBE FRSL (born 9 November 1937) is an English poet, performance poet, broadcaster, children's author and playwright. He presents the BBC Radio 4 programme Poetry Please, as well as performing his own poetry. McGough was one of the leading members of the Liverpool poets, a group of young poets influenced by Beat poetry and the popular music and culture of 1960s Liverpool. He is an honorary fellow of Liverpool John Moores University, fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and President of the Poetry Society.[1]


  • Early life 1
  • The Scaffold and Grimms 2
  • Poetry 3
  • Other activities 4
  • Awards 5
  • Academic posts 6
  • Books 7
    • Poetry collections 7.1
    • Plays 7.2
    • Autobiography 7.3
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Early life

Roger McGough was born in Litherland, Lancashire (the pre-1974 county, Litherland is now in Merseyside) on the outskirts of Liverpool.[2] His ancestry is Irish and he was raised in the Roman Catholic faith.[3] He was a pupil at St Mary's College in Crosby with Laurie Taylor, future sociologist and criminologist, before going on to study French and Geography at the University of Hull.[4] McGough lived in one of the university residences, Needler Hall, for three years from 1955 and served as hall librarian. Contemporaneously, the poet Philip Larkin became the university's librarian; newly arrived at Hull, he served as a sub-warden at Needler Hall until he found private accommodation.[5] Several years later McGough corresponded with Larkin about poetry, sending him some of his own poems as he still lacked the confidence to approach the man directly. Larkin replied, thanking McGough for the poetry, which he had enjoyed reading. He added that he believed that McGough walked an impressionistic tightrope which, though exhilarating, meant that on occasion he fell off.[6]

The Scaffold and Grimms

Roger McGough (left), Mike McGear (centre), John Gorman (right).

Returning to Merseyside in the early 1960s, he worked as a French teacher and, with Mike McGear (Mike McCartney) the trio formed the Scaffold, working the Edinburgh Festival until they signed to Parlophone records in 1966. The Scaffold performed a mixture of comic songs, comedy sketches and the poetry of McGough. The group scored several hit records, reaching number one in the UK Singles Chart in 1968 with their version of "Lily the Pink". McGough wrote the lyrics for many of the group's songs and also recorded the musical comedy/poetry album McGough and McGear.[4]

In 1971 Grimms was formed, originally as a merger of the Scaffold, the Bonzo Dog Band and the Liverpool Scene. Group member Neil Innes said about the formation of the group, "I don't know what attracted the Scaffold to the Bonzos; we were incredibly anarchic, which was probably something shared by the Scaffold as well."[7]


As a poet, McGough came to national prominence through the publication of Paul McCartney's blue mohair trousers in his attic; the trousers had been given to him, via McCartney's brother Mike, in the early 1960s.[10]

Let me die a youngman's death
not a free from sin tiptoe in
candlewax & waning death
not a curtains drawn by angels borne
'what a nice way to go' death

from "Let Me Die a Youngman's Death" (1967),
The Mersey Sound

One of McGough's early poems, Let Me Die a Youngman's Death (but not, as the poem states, before the poet reaches 73, 91 or 104 years of age), was included in a BBC anthology of the British nation's hundred favourite poems.[11] McGough has been nicknamed 'the patron saint of poetry' by Carol Ann Duffy.[12]

The poetry of McGough has been the subject of academic study. It has been characterised, at least from its early examples, as being reliant on play with words and their meanings. It has also been noted to exhibit a stylised wit, and, at times, a sadness based on themes of lost youth, unfulfilled relationships and the downside of city life. The form of some of his verse, it has been claimed, has been influenced by his experience of writing song lyrics.[13] A major critical examination of McGough's poetry, by American academic Ben Wright, was published in 2006. The author's stated aim was "to examine and evaluate the accessibility of Roger McGough's message to a wide, general readership, as well as appraising it by the most rigorous literary standards." McGough's popularity, commercial success, use of humour and the lack of pretension of his verse has tended to restrict appreciation of his work as "serious poetry." Wright's study challenges this under-appreciation.[14]

Other activities

A 2004 sculptural fountain installation in Liverpool based around Roger McGough's poetical evocation of water

McGough was responsible for much of the humorous dialogue in the Beatles' animated film Yellow Submarine, although he did not receive an on-screen credit.[15]

On 2 March 1978, McGough appeared in

  • Roger McGough official website
  • Profile and poems written and audio at Poetry Archive
  • Roger McGough at British Council: Literature
  • Interview with Roger McGough about 40 years of the Mersey Poets
  • BBC Radio 4 archive 4 October 1981 (Audio, 12 minutes). BBC profile.
  • , 22 August 2009The GuardianJames Campbell, "A life in poetry: Roger McGough",
  • National Portrait gallery
  • The Observer, 4 November 2012Roger McGough: This much I know,Shahesta Shaitly,
  • Scaffold and the Grimms history

External links

  1. ^ The Poetry Society - accessed 24 July 2009
  2. ^ McGough reads 3 poems (audio)
  3. ^ McGough, Said and Done, pp. 12, 23
  4. ^ a b Emma Brockes interview: Roger McGough The Guardian 14 November 2005
  5. ^ McGough, Said and Done pp. 78-81.
  6. ^ McGough, Said and Done p. 85.
  7. ^ Bowen, Phil. (2008) A Gallery to Play to: The Story of the Mersey Poets. Liverpool University Press. pp.104-106.
  8. ^ "XIV Modern Literature, section 5", John Brannigan Accessed April 9, 2006
  9. ^ Interview with Roger McGough about republication of Mersey Sound 40 years on
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Bowen, Phil., (2008) A Gallery to Play to: The Story of the Mersey Poets. Liverpool University Press. p. 67
  12. ^ Arifa Akbar, The Independent, 18 August 2012Older, wiser, angrier: Roger McGough settles some old scores,
  13. ^ Booth, Martin (1985) British Poetry 1964-1984: Driving Through the Barricades. Routledge, pp. 138-139
  14. ^ Wright, Ben, Allan (2006) The Poetry of Roger McGough: The Liverpool Renaissance. Edwin Mellen Press.
  15. ^ The Beatles' Yellow Submarine Turns 30 "Edelmann is given credit for inventing the Blue Meanies to serve that role. In an interview, Edelmann added yet another to those who contributed to the film's script. He said, "There was never one script. We had about 20. Roger McGough was responsible for much of it." McGough was a Liverpool poet who was brought in to add a Liverpool flavour to the soundtrack. He was paid £500 for his work, but was not given screen credit." (Accessed 18 July 2008.)
  16. ^ Miniatures
  17. ^ BBC
  18. ^ BBC [pdf]
  19. ^ Philip Key Tartuffe, Roger McGough, Liverpool Playhouse Liverpool Daily Post (15 May 2008)
  20. ^ a b Guardian
  21. ^ , UK, 2 June 2009Marketing Magazine"Waitrose shifts focus with price-led ads,"
  22. ^ United Agents profile
  23. ^ CBE for Liverpool poet McGough BBC News 12 June 2004
  24. ^ "Honorands 1995-1999". The University of Northampton, Honorary & notable alunmi. The University of Northampton. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  25. ^ "Debretts online Roger McGough, Esq, CBE, FRSL". Debretts. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  26. ^ "Roger McGough CBE FRSL". Roehampton University, London, Honorary Degrees 2006. Roehampton University. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  27. ^ "Founding stars of Everyman Theatre honoured by University". University of Liverpool, Press Release. University of Liverpool. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  28. ^ a b "McGOUGH, Roger". Who's Who 2010, A & C Black: 2010; online edn. Oxford University Press, December 2009; online October 2010. Nov 2009. 
  29. ^ Tartuffe, Roger McGough, Liverpool Playhouse


See also

Poetry collections

  • Young Commonwealth Poets '65 Heinemann, 1965
  • The Mersey Sound (with Adrian Henri and Brian Patten) 1967
  • Frinck, A Life in the Day of, and Summer with Monika: Poems Joseph, 1967
  • Watchwords Cape, 1969
  • After the Merrymaking Cape, 1971
  • Out of Sequence Turret Books, 1972
  • Gig Cape, 1973
  • Sporting Relations Eyre Methuen, 1974
  • In the Glassroom Cape, 1976
  • Mr Noselighter André Deutsch, 1976
  • Holiday on Death Row Cape, 1979
  • Unlucky for Some Bernard Stone, 1980
  • Waving at Trains Cape, 1982
  • Crocodile Puddles New Pyramid Press, 1984
  • Melting into the Foreground Viking, 1986
  • Noah's Ark Dinosaur, 1986
  • Worry Toni Savage, 1987
  • Counting by Numbers Viking Kestrel, 1989
  • Selected Poems, 1967-1987 Cape, 1989
  • You at the Back: Selected Poems, 1967-87 Cape, 1991
  • Defying Gravity Viking, 1992
  • Pen Pals: A New Poem Prospero Poets, 1994
  • Ferens, the Gallery Cat Ferens Art Gallery, 1997
  • Todays Yodal Over years ago, 1999
  • Until I Met Dudley Frances Lincoln, 1997
  • The Way Things Are Viking, 1999
  • Dotty Inventions Francis Lincoln, 2002
  • Everyday Eclipses Viking, 2002
  • Collected Poems Viking, 2003
  • That Awkward Age Penguin, 2009
  • As Far As I Know Penguin, 2012


  • Tartuffe (English adaptation of Molière's play)[29]
  • The Hypochondriac (English adaption of Molière's play)[20]
  • The Misanthrope (English adaptation of Molière's play)


  • Said And Done Random House, 2005


McGough was Fellow of Poetry at Loughborough University (1973-5),[28] Honorary Fellow at John Moores University, and Honorary Professor at Thames Valley University (1993).[28]

Academic posts

McGough won a Cholmondeley Award in 1998, and was created an Officer (OBE) in 1997, and later, in 2004, Commander (CBE) of the Order of the British Empire.[23] He holds an honorary MA from Nene College of Further Education,[24] and honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt) degrees from the University of Hull (2004),[25] Roehampton University (2006),[26] and the University of Liverpool (2006).[27] He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2004.


McGough has done voiceovers to TV advertisements for the supermarket chain Waitrose.[21][22]

Three plays written by the 17th century French playwright Molière have been translated by McGough and directed by Gemma Bodinetz. Tartuffe premièred at the Liverpool Playhouse in May 2008 and transferred subsequently to the Rose Theatre, Kingston.[19] The Hypochondriac (The Imaginary Invalid) was staged at the Liverpool Playhouse in July 2009.[20] The Misanthrope was staged at the Liverpool Playhouse in Feb-March 2013 before touring with the English Touring Theatre.

One of McGough's more unusual compositions was created in 1981, when he co-wrote an "electronic poem" called Now Press Return with the programmer Richard Warner for inclusion with the Welcome Tape of the BBC Micro home computer.[17] Now Press Return incorporated several novel themes, including user-defined elements to the poem, lines which changed their order (and meaning) every few seconds, and text which wrote itself in a spiral around the screen.[18]


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