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Sigtran

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Sigtran

SIGTRAN is the name, derived from signaling transport, of the former Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working group that produced specifications for a family of protocols that provide reliable datagram service and user layer adaptations for Signaling System 7 (SS7) and ISDN communications protocols. The SIGTRAN protocols are an extension of the SS7 protocol family. It supports the same application and call management paradigms as SS7 but uses an Internet Protocol (IP) transport called Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP).[1] Indeed, the most significant protocol defined by the SIGTRAN group is SCTP, which is used to carry PSTN signaling over IP.

The SIGTRAN group was significantly influenced by telecommunications engineers intent on using the new protocols for adapting VoIP networks to the PSTN with special regard to signaling applications.[2] Recently, SCTP is finding applications beyond its original purpose wherever reliable datagram service is desired.

SIGTRAN has been published in RFC 2719, under the title Framework Architecture for Signaling Transport. RFC 2719 also defines the concept of a signaling gateway (SG), which converts Common Channel Signaling (CCS) messages from SS7 to SIGTRAN. Implemented in a variety of network elements including softswitches, the SG function can provide significant value to existing common channel signaling networks, leveraging investments associated with SS7 and delivering the cost/performance values associated with IP transport.

Contents

  • SIGTRAN protocols 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

SIGTRAN protocols

The SIGTRAN family of protocols includes:

The Stream Control Transmission Protocol provides the transport protocol for SIGTRAN user adaptation layer messages across an IP network. It is described in RFC 3873, RFC 4166 and RFC 4960.

IUA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for the seamless backhaul of Q.921 user messages and service interface across an IP network. Some users that it supports are Q.931 and QSIG.[3] It is specified in RFC 4233.

V5UA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for the seamless backhaul of V5.2 user messages and service interface across an IP network. It is a variation of IUA and is specified in RFC 3807.

M2PA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for providing an SS7 MTP signaling link over an IP network. It is specified in RFC 4165.

M2UA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for the seamless backhaul of MTP Level 2 user messages and service interface across an IP network. It is specified in RFC 3331.

M3UA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for the seamless backhaul or peering of MTP Level 3 user messages and service interface across an IP network. It is specified in RFC 4666.

SUA provides an SCTP adaptation layer for the seamless backhaul or peering of Signalling Connection Control Part user messages and service interface across an IP network. It is specified in RFC 3868.

Notes

  1. ^ (Russell 2002, p. 456)
  2. ^ (Russell 2002, p. 456)
  3. ^ (Dryburgh 2004, p. 444)

References

  • Dryburgh, Lee; Jeff Hewitt (2004). Signalling System No. 7 (SS7/C7): Protocol, Architecture, and Services. Indianapolis: Cisco Press. Link to online version of text below.  
  • Russell, Travis (2002). Signaling System #7 (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.  

External links

  • Signaling System No. 7 (SS7/C7): Protocol, Architecture, and Services. Full HTML version of the 2004 edition of the Dryburgh/Hewitt book (above).
  • Signaling Transport (sigtran) WG - IETF Datatracker
  • sigtran.org - Archived SIGTRAN website.
  • openss7.org - open source implementations of SIGTRAN protocols.
  • IEC Tutorial - IEC SS7 over IP (SIGTRAN) protocols [dead]
  • Sergey Puzankov, Dmitry Kurbatov: How to Intercept a Conversation Held on the Other Side of the Planet, 2014-05-22, Positive Hack Days.
  • Tobias Engel (SnoopSnitch), SS7: Locate. Track. Manipulate, 31c3, CCC, 2014-12-28.
  • Karsten Nohl, Mobile Self Defense, 31c3, CCC, 2014-12-28.
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