World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tierra de Campos

Article Id: WHEBN0029201532
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tierra de Campos  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Castile and León, Province of León, Urraca of León and Castile, Comarcas of Spain, Palencia, Dovecote, Revolt of the Comuneros, Cuenca de Campos, Carrión de los Condes, Osorno la Mayor
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tierra de Campos

Tierra de Campos
Comarca
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province León, Zamora, Valladolid and Palencia
Capital Palencia (unofficial)
Municipalities
Elevation 740 m (2,430 ft)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Largest municipality Palencia


Tierra de Campos ("Land of Fields") is a large historical and natural region or greater comarca that straddles the provinces of León, Zamora, Valladolid and Palencia, in Castile and León, Spain. It is a vast, desolate plain with practically no relief, except for some wide undulations of the terrain.

Originally it was known as "Gothic Plains" (Campi Gothici or Campi Gothorum), as the area had been settled by Visigoths who fled from Aquitaine Gaul after its conquest by the Franks. It was first mentioned under this name in Codex Vigilanus (Codex Albeldensis), and described as extending "from the river Douro, to the Christian Kingdom".[1]

Despite the strong identity of its inhabitants, this historical region has not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for its administrative development. Therefore its municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in a mancomunidad,[2] the only legal formula that has allowed the region to manage its public municipal resources meaningfully. Palencia is widely considered to be the capital of the Tierra de Campos.

Geography

"Tierra de Campos" is located on a fertile, elevated plateau with an average height of around 720 metres (2,360 ft), its geography is typical of the Meseta Central. The ground is mostly made up of quite compact clay. The climate is continental with long, cold winters and short, hot summers. Rivers naturally irrigating the area are sparse and traditionally the land in Tierra de Campos has been used for dryland farming. The Channel of Castile, which cuts across this comarca, was developed for transport purposes but developed into an irrigation system. Some of the wetlands in Tierra de Campos, like the Laguna de la Nava de Fuentes and the Lagunas de Villafáfila, are important for the ecology of the region.[3] There are few natural forested areas left. The Tierra de Campos is the place with the highest concentration of bustard in the Iberian Peninsula, and possibly in the world.[4]

There is no unanimous agreement regarding the precise boundaries of the Tierra de Campos. Since it is a natural and traditional region, no official limits have ever been assigned. One of the most widely accepted system of boundaries[5] has been the following:

Municipalities

León Province

Zamora Province

Valladolid Province

Palencia Province

Maps of Tierra de Campos areas in different provinces

See also

References

External links

  • Tierra de Campos Rural Development Association
  • La provincia de León y sus comarcas; Cea-Campos
  • La provincia de León y sus comarcas; Esla-Campos
  • Laguna de Tamriz - Ecology
  • La Tierra de Campos y sus bases ecológicas en el siglo XVI

42°00′N 4°00′W / 42.000°N 4.000°W / 42.000; -4.000Coordinates: 42°00′N 4°00′W / 42.000°N 4.000°W / 42.000; -4.000

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.