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Transport in Venezuela

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Transport in Venezuela

Venezuela is connected to the world primarily via air (Venezuela's airports include the Simón Bolívar International Airport near Caracas and La Chinita International Airport near Maracaibo) and sea (with major sea ports at La Guaira, Maracaibo and Puerto Cabello). In the south and east the Amazon rainforest region has limited cross-border transport; in the west, there is a mountainous border of over 1,375 miles (2,213 km) shared with Colombia. The Orinoco River is navigable by oceangoing vessels up to 400 km inland, and connects the major industrial city of Ciudad Guayana to the Atlantic Ocean.

Venezuela has a limited national railway system, which has no active rail connections to other countries; the government of Hugo Chávez invested substantially in expanding it. Several major cities have metro systems; the Caracas Metro has been operating since 1983. The Maracaibo Metro and Valencia Metro were opened more recently. Venezuela has a road network of around 100,000 km (placing it around 47th in the world); around a third of roads are paved.

Contents

  • Railways 1
    • Cities with underground railway systems 1.1
    • See also 1.2
    • Railway links with adjoining countries 1.3
    • Maps 1.4
    • Standards 1.5
    • Stations 1.6
    • Timeline 1.7
      • 2009 1.7.1
      • 2008 1.7.2
      • 2006 1.7.3
  • Highways 2
    • Motorways 2.1
  • Waterways 3
  • Pipelines 4
  • Ports and harbors 5
  • Merchant marine 6
  • Air travel 7
    • Airports - with paved runways 7.1
    • Airports - with unpaved runways 7.2
    • Heliports 7.3
  • Cable car 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Railways


total: 7000 km (?) (248 km privately owned, including Orinoco Mining Company)
standard gauge: 682 km (40 km electrified) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) ([1])

Cities with underground railway systems

See also

Railway links with adjoining countries

Maps

  • UNHCR Atlas Map
  • Future Map

Standards

Stations

Timeline

2009

  • March 2009 - China to help build new network [4]

2008

  • July 5 - meeting between Venezuela, Colombia (Colombia) and Ecuador (Ecuador) regarding a railway for freight and passengers to link the three countries, and linking the Pacific with the Atlantic also.

2006

  • In October 2006, Venezuela opened a new Caracas-Cúa railway, the first new railway in the country for 70 years[5]
  • "Towards the end of this month, we would have final discussions with Mittal Steel," said Mr Kapur, adding that the initial discussions took place in March. Moreover, Ircon is also likely to construct a new rail line in Venezuela at an estimated cost of $350 million.

Highways

Automobile transport is encouraged by the fact that Venezuela has the lowest gas prices in the world, at $0.18 per gallon ($0.05 per liter).[6] In some cases, gas is less expensive than bottled water.[7]


total: 96,155 km
paved: 32,308 km
unpaved: 63,847 km (1997 est.)

Motorways

Venezuela has a fairly developed motorway network, certainly more developed than in most of South American nations. It is especially operative in the Northern and Western parts of the country, connecting the main cities of the country. The following roads feature at least 4 lanes and double carriageway:

Waterways

7,100 km; Rio Orinoco (400 km) and Lago de Maracaibo accept oceangoing vessels

Pipelines

  • extra heavy crude 980 km
  • crude oil 6,694 km
  • refined products 1,620 km
  • natural gas 5,347 km (2010)

Ports and harbors

Merchant marine


total: 53 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 488,584 GRT/888,764 tonnes deadweight (DWT)


ships by type: (2010)

Air travel

In 2012, Venezuela had 492 airports.

In 2014, due to difficulty converting bolivars to other currencies, many international airline either cut back or entirely cancelled service to the country. A shortage of seats caused international ticket prices to rise; one report found airfare to Miami more than double the fare to Miami from Bogota in Columbia.[8]

Airports - with paved runways


total: 128
over3,047 m: 6
2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
1,524 to 2,437 m: 35
914 to 1,523 m: 61
under 914 m: 17 (2012)

Airports - with unpaved runways


total: 364
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 55
914 to 1,523 m: 113
under 914 m: 193 (2012)

Heliports

3 (2012)

Cable car

At one time Venezuela had the world's highest cable car. The Mérida cable car opened in 1960, connecting Mérida with the top of the Sierra Nevada de Mérida. It was closed indefinitely in 2008, having reached the end of its service life.

See also

References

  1. ^ Index Mundi: Venezuela Railways
  2. ^ C.A. Metro de Caracas
  3. ^ Encarta
  4. ^ http://railwaysafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3982&Itemid=36
  5. ^ VENEZUELA: A Bolivarian railway, by Coral Wynter & Jim McIlroy, Caracas (link)
  6. ^ http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/2011/0913/World-s-cheapest-gas-Top-5-countries/Venezuela-0.18-per-gallon-0.047-per-liter
  7. ^ http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/2011/0913/World-s-cheapest-gas-Top-5-countries/Venezuela-0.18-per-gallon-0.047-per-liter
  8. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/09/16/uk-venezuela-flights-idUKKBN0HB0BV20140916

External links

  • Map of transport infrastructures of Venezuela
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