World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

White Australian

Article Id: WHEBN0007858405
Reproduction Date:

Title: White Australian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Blackface, White American, Darryn Lyons, List of ethnic slurs
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

White Australian

Template:Infobox Ethnic group

White Australian or European Australian is broad ethnic group in Australia that includes white people born in Australia.

The Australian Census of 2006, when enquiring about ethnicity, did not offer "White Australian" as a standard choice. The subjective self-description most commonly used was "Australian" (37.13%). However, this is ambiguous and may include non-white people who describe themselves in terms of their Australian citizenship, such as indigenous Australians. The largest groups of European Australians identified were English Australians (31.65%), Irish Australians (9.08%), Scottish Australians (7.56%), Italian Australians (4.29%), German Australians (4.09%) and Greek Australians (1.84%). People of predominantly non-European descent, who are sometimes identified as "White Australian", included Lebanese Australians (0.92%) and Turkish Australians (0.3%).[1]

A significant majority of white Australians are descended from immigrants from Great Britain or Ireland. In previous historical periods, "White Australian" was regarded as synonymous with Anglo-Celtic Australian. However, this technically excluded European Australians of non-British or Irish ancestry. Some have argued that the term "Anglo-Celtic" is entirely a product of multiculturalism. For example, historian John Hirst wrote in 1994: "Mainstream Australian society was reduced to an ethnic group and given an ethnic name: Anglo-Celt."[2]

White Australians as a proportion of the population increased during the 20th century, as a result of the "White Australia Policy", which was intended to restrict non-white immigration. From 1947, the "post-war migration boom", meant Australia's population more than doubled, spurred by large-scale European migration. The incremental abolition of the White Australia Policy, culminating in the 1973 Immigration Act, resulted in a significant increase in immigration from Asian countries.

See also

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.