World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lövheim Cube Of Emotion

Article Id: WHEBN0035231246
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lövheim Cube Of Emotion  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: PAD emotional state model, Emotions, Emotion classification, Emotion
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lövheim Cube Of Emotion

Lövheim Cube of emotion

Lövheim Cube of emotion[1][2] is a proposed theoretical model aiming at explaining the relationship between the monoamine neurotransmitters and the emotions. The model was proposed in a paper of 2012 by Hugo Lövheim.[3] In the model, the three monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline form the axes of a coordinate system, and the eight basic emotions, labeled according to the affect theory of Silvan Tomkins, are placed in the eight corners. The origin corresponds to a situation where all three signal substance are low. The eight corners of the cube corresponds to the eight possible combinations of low or high level of the three monoamines as shown in the table below. The model hence proposes a direct relation between specific combinations of the levels of the signal substances and certain basic emotions,[4] and merges a categorical and a dimensional view of emotions.[5]

Basic emotion Serotonin Dopamine Noradrenaline
Shame/humiliation Low Low Low
Distress/anguish Low Low High
Fear/terror Low High Low
Anger/rage Low High High
Contempt/disgust High Low Low
Surprise High Low High
Enjoyment/Joy High High Low
Interest/excitement High High High

Anger is for example, according to the model, produced by the combination of low serotonin, high dopamine and high noradrenaline.

Due to the direct relation to the monoamine neurotransmitters, the model might have an advantage compared to previous models of basic emotions such as, for example, Plutchik's Wheel of Emotions or the PAD emotional state model. Symptoms of depression might be interpreted as an emotional palette restricted to the low-serotonergic side of the Lövheim cube, where only the basic emotions shame/humiliation, distress/anguish, fear/terror and anger/rage are within reach. The core depressive symptoms of sadness and lack of interest can be interpreted as the inability to reach the basic emotions of joy and interest located on the high-serotonergic side.

"While the validity of the model remains unverified ... if valid it would allow direct extraction of emotions from given combinations of the monoamines (and possibly vice versa)." [6]

Lövheim's autonomic nervous system theory

Lövheim's two-dimensional autonomic nervous system model

Lövheim also proposed that the sympathetic and parasympathetic parts of the autonomic nervous system might be viewed as orthogonal axes, instead of viewing them as antagonists. The sympathetic axis were thought to represent arousal and the parasympathetic axis to represent secretion and possible positive versus negative valence.[7] This model corresponds, in a way, to the cube model of emotions (the sympathetic axis appears to be similar to the noradrenergic axis, and the parasympathetic axis to the serotonergic axis in the CNS).

In culture

In 2012, a dance performance based on the model was set up in Miami, USA.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lövheim H. A new three-dimensional model for emotions and monoamine neurotransmitters. (2012). Med Hypotheses, 78, 341-348. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2011.11.016 PMID 22153577
  2. ^ Larue O. The emergence of (artificial) emotions from cognitive and neurological processes. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures. In Press, Available online 1 February 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bica.2013.01.001
  3. ^ Lövheim H. A new three-dimensional model for emotions and monoamine neurotransmitters. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22153577
  4. ^ Lövheim H. A new three-dimensional model for emotions and monoamine neurotransmitters. (2012). Med Hypotheses, 78, 341-348. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2011.11.016 PMID 22153577
  5. ^ Guo, B., Riboni, D., & Hu, P. (2014). Creating Personal, Social, and Urban Awareness through Pervasive Computing (pp. 1-440). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-4695-7
  6. ^ von Haugwitz R. Modulating Reinforcement- Learning Parameters Using Agent Emotions. (2012). Chalmers University of Technology, Master’s Thesis. http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/173825/173825.pdf
  7. ^ Lövheim H. A new perspective on the autonomic nervous system. (2013) Med Hypotheses, 81, 356. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2013.05.005 Epub 2013 Jun 2 PMID 23735561
  8. ^ http://pioneerwinter.org/gallery/lovheim-cube-a-movement-study/
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.