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Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy

By Tarnoff, Curt

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Book Id: WPLBN0000007921
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008
Full Text

Title: Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy  
Author: Tarnoff, Curt
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Tarnoff, C. (n.d.). Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.cc/


Excerpt
Summary: Foreign assistance is a fundamental component of the international affairs budget and is viewed by many as an essential instrument of U.S. foreign policy. Since the end of the Cold War, many have proposed significant changes in the size, composition, and purpose of the program, several of which have been adopted. The focus of U.S. foreign aid policy has also been transformed since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by addressing a number of the more frequently asked questions regarding the subject.

Table of Contents
Contents Foreign Aid Goals and Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 What are the goals and objectives of U.S. foreign assistance? . . . . . . . . . . . 2 What are the different types of foreign aid? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Bilateral development assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Economic aid supporting U.S. political and security objectives . . . . . . 5 Humanitarian assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Multilateral assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Military assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 What are the Funding Priorities of Bilateral Economic Assistance? . . . . . . . 8 Global Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Economic Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Democracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Which countries receive U.S. foreign aid? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Foreign Aid Spending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 How large is the U.S. foreign assistance budget and what have been the historical funding trends? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 How does foreign aid spending compare with other federal programs? . . . 18 How much of foreign aid dollars are spent on U.S. goods? . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 How does the United States rank as a donor of foreign aid? . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Delivery of Foreign Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 What executive branch agencies administer foreign aid programs? . . . . . . 21 What are the different forms in which assistance is provided? . . . . . . . . . . 23 Cash transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Commodity import programs (CIP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Equipment and commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Expertise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Small grants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 How much aid is provided as loans and how much as grants? What are some types of loans? Have loans been repaid? Why is repayment of some loans forgiven? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Loan/grant composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Types of loans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Loan repayment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Debt forgiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 What are the roles of government and private sector in development and humanitarian aid delivery? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Congress and Foreign Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 What congressional committees oversee foreign aid programs? . . . . . . . . . 27 What are the major foreign aid legislative vehicles? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Data Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

 

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