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The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003

By Katzman, Kenneth

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Book Id: WPLBN0000173115
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003  
Author: Katzman, Kenneth
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

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Katzman, K. (n.d.). The Persian Gulf: Issues for U.S. Policy, 2003. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.cc/


Excerpt
Summary: The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States have expanded the security challenges facing the United States in the Persian Gulf region, although, prior to the current U.S.-Iraq confrontation, no major crises have occurred in the Gulf since 1998. Since U.N. weapons inspectors left Iraq in December 1998, the United States has feared Iraq might reconstitute its banned weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs, and possibly use these weapons against the United States and its allies directly or by transferring them to terrorist groups.

Table of Contents
Contents Threats and U.S. Interests in the Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Contain and End the Threat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Bush Administration Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Congressional Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Iran: Continued Concerns Derail Rapprochement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The Bush Administration, the September 11 Attacks, and Iran . . . . . . . 8 The Persian Gulf Monarchies: Coping With Internal and External Threats . . . 10 Domestic Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Leadership Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Political Liberalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Economic Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Gulf Foreign Policy and Defense Cooperation with the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Arab-Israeli Dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Policy Toward Iraq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 War on Terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Defense Agreements and U.S. Forces in the Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 U.S. Arms Sales and Security Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Excess Defense Articles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Foreign Military Sales, FMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Joint Security/ “Cooperative Defense Initiative” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Prospects and Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Appendix 1. Gulf State Populations, Religious Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Appendix 2. UNSCOM Accomplishments and Unresolved Issues . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Appendix 3. No Fly Zones in Iraq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Appendix 4. Map of the Persian Gulf Region and Environs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 List of Tables Table 1. Gulf Oil Exports (2001) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Table 2. Comparative Military Strengths of the Gulf States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Table 3. U.S. Troops in the Gulf Area/ Host Nation Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

 
 



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