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Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion

By International Development Agency

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Book Id: WPLBN0000697373
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 797,447 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion  
Author: International Development Agency
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., United Nations. Centre for Economic and Social Information, AID project impact evaluation report
Collections: United Nations Library International Aid and Funding Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations Library International Aid and Funding

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Agency, I. D. (n.d.). Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.cc/


Description
Excerpt: It is about setting in place a process whereby people (women, children and men) effect and sustain a hygienic and healthy environment for themselves. They do this by erecting barriers to prevent transmission of disease agents (broadly by means of sanitati ...

Table of Contents
Table of Contents A Note to the Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SECTION ONE SANITATION AND HYGIENE PROMOTION ? GENERAL PRINCIPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Chapter 1 The Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.1 More than 2 billion people lack access to hygienic means of personal sanitation . . . . . . . . . . .6 1.2 Increased access to Sanitation and Better Hygienic Practices Have Significant Positive Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 1.3 Improved Access to Hardware and Changes in Behaviour at the Household are Critical Interventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 1.4 Lessons for effective sanitation and hygiene promotion programming: Supporting investments and behaviour changes within the household . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 1.5 The Role of Government ? some principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 SECTION TWO THE PROCESS OF CHANGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Chapter 2 Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 2.1 Changing the way services are delivered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 2.2 Contextual Factors ? selecting the right approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 2.3 Before You Start - Building political will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 2.4 When You Start ? Generating a Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 2.5 Ideas for Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 2.6 Applying the Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 2.7 Identifying and implementing solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 2.8 Practical Examples from the Field: How did they organize the programming process? . . . . .27 SECTION THREE CREATING THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Chapter 3 Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 3.1 The Policy Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 3.2 Signaling Public Policy Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 3.3 Locating Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 3.4 Building on what exists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 3.5 Applying the Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 3.6 Programming Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 3.7 Practical Examples from the Field: What policy changes should we make? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Chapter 4 Allocating Resources Strategically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 4.1 Focusing on objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 4.2 The need for transparent rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 4.3 Applying the Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 4.4 Programming Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Chapter 5 Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 5.1 What needs to be financed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 5.2 Where will the funds come from? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 5.3 Assigning Programme Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 5.4 Household self-financing ? sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 5.5 Subsidies for sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 5.6 Supporting self-financing through micro-finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 5.7 Generating revenue for sanitation and hygiene promotion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 5.8 Financial instruments to promote reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 5.9 Applying the Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 5.10 Programming Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 5.11 Practical Examples from the Field: How will we pay for the programme? . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

 

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