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Kirat Limbu Culture - Anthropological Investigation : into Samba Phyang Ethnicity

By Subba, Nawa Raj

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Book Id: WPLBN0100749960
Format Type: PDF eBook:
File Size: 0.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 8/15/2023

Title: Kirat Limbu Culture - Anthropological Investigation : into Samba Phyang Ethnicity  
Author: Subba, Nawa Raj
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Social Sciences, Kirat history and civilization
Collections: Authors Community, History
Publication Date:
Publisher: Hamro Idea, Biratnagar, Nepal
Member Page: Nawa Raj Subba


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Nawa Raj Subba, B. D. (2023). Kirat Limbu Culture - Anthropological Investigation : into Samba Phyang Ethnicity. Retrieved from

Human existence is believed to be incomplete without the enrichment of culture. Some individuals wholeheartedly immerse themselves in their cultural surroundings, while others observe from a distance. The ancient Kirat civilization of Nepal predates any religious texts we have. Unfortunately, their profound cultural wisdom has primarily faded, leading to a disheartening void in our understanding of ancient knowledge. The plight of the tribal communities in the land nurtured by their toil and sacrifice is a cause for concern. Neglecting the valuable contributions of these tribal communities in the name of progress leaves us incomplete. Through a thorough anthropological study of the Kirat Limbu community, we've arrived at factual and logical conclusions regarding the questions they've raised. This writer endeavors to share this information, driven purely by academic value and recognition. Recognizing his responsibility, this writer, in the later stages of life, has felt a sense of urgency in preserving the positivity of research. The book is published to document synthesized knowledge based on trustworthy information and data, thereby sharing it with readers. In this groundbreaking book, the author delves into the realms of Mundhum, Vedas, Kirat Limbu history, and culture, offering a Socio-cultural anthropological analysis that is unparalleled in its authenticity. This work provides a comprehensive exploration of these subjects and includes a comparative study with Khas, Arya, Dhimal, and Tibeto-Burman families. The book presents a wealth of meticulously examined and synthesized data, making it an invaluable resource for anyone seeking to grasp the rich history and distinctive culture of the Kirat people, conveyed in accessible language. This study, which uses a positivist methodology, divides ontology and epistemology and lays a solid theoretical groundwork for the current investigation. The book thoroughly examines the Kirat-Sen-Samba civilization, conducting extensive research and analysis. The findings reveal a significant correlation between Kirat Sen from Simangadh, Chaudandi, Koshi Kokaha Baraha Kshetra, and Samba from Mewa Khola Taplejung, Nepal, establishing a connection between blood lineage and cultural heritage. This conclusion is drawn from examining diverse genealogies and the study of Tungdunge Mundhum. The author, Subba, is a public health specialist interested in history, culture, and anthropological research. Known for his songwriting talents, he has published over a dozen literary works. Holding a PhD in health psychology and master's degrees in public health and Nepali literature, Subba's academic pursuits have encompassed the fields of anthropology, sociology, culture, and population. After serving as a district public health officer for over three decades across various districts, he has now retired. With a focus on utilizing anthropological facts, theories, and perspectives, Subba emphasizes the importance of cultural studies within the Kirat Limbu community. This book is expected to be a valuable resource for those seeking to understand the true essence of Nepali soil, to explore the rich Kirat civilization, its culture, and the intricate tapestry of ethnic issues—best of luck on this enlightening journey.

The primary research concept is to have a logical argument on knowledge and theory. We conclude the research only by further reasoning the ability from the idea. In the present study, analysis and synthesis have been completed by adopting the principles of deduction and induction. After examining the data, the hypothesis derived from looking at existing theories was established as a fact. On the other hand, by looking at the pattern of the evidence found, the theory has been inspired and created by organizing the facts based on additional evidence. What is the state of knowledge in Ontology? The metaphysical or traditional knowledge has been studied in detail in it. What is the state of reliable knowledge of epistemology? The researcher has also been studied. How much Axiology has been adopted in the study? Particular emphasis has been placed on educational value and recognition without prejudice to caste/ ethnicity, politics, and geography. The Research strategy is of varied nature. On the one hand, it is longitudinal exploratory; on the other hand, the study has also focused on ethnography. Species description has been refined by social biological theory. It has also a mixed-in approach. On the one hand, this research is based on positivism, a study based on solid evidence independent of the subject matter. On the other hand, the researcher is the subject of the research title. Thus his knowledge and perspectives are also utilized, and the Phenomenology technique has been used.

Kirat politically refers to the Rai, Limbu, Yakkha and Sunuwar ethnicities in Nepal. In linguistics, Kirat refers to the Mahakirat, a tribe of Nepal, India, Bhutan, and Myanmar (Burma) that speaks the Tibeto-Burman language. Apart from the four ethnicities mentioned above, many ethnicities speak the Tibeto-Burman language family such as Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Koch, Mech, Naga and others.

Table of Contents
Kirat Limbu Culture - Anthropological Investigation - into Phyang Samba Ethnicity Copyright Dedication The Inspiration Behind This Book Table of Contents Acknowledgements Book Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1 Kirat-Yakthung-Limbu 1.2 Kirat-Limbu Nationality 1.3 Kirat-Limbu Culture 1.4 Kirat-Limbu Religion 1.5 Language and Script 1.6 Rai and Limbu 1.7 Subba Surname 1.8 Samba Ethnicity 1.9 Samba, a meaningful phrase 1.10 Mewa Khola, the birthplace of Samba 1.11 Kirat 1.12 Yakthung 1.13 Limbu 1.14 Tribe 1.15 Athrai Hangpang Chapter 2 Literature Review 2.1 Mundhum 2.1.1 Chongbang Samba Mangena mundhum 2.1.2 Chongbang Samba's Pung Mundhum 2.1.3 Saba Sammang mundhum 2.1.4 Mudenchhong Mundhum 2.1.5 Theba Sammang mundhum 2.1.6 Yuma Sammang mundhum 2.2 Religious and Cultural Background 2.2.1 The Hindu Etymology 2.2.2 Etymology of the Arya 2.2.3 Hindu Dilemma in Kirat 2.2.4 Pre-Vedic Faith Shaivism 2.2.5 Animism 2.2.6 Shamanism 2.2.7 Bon Religion 2.2.8 Shiva and Bon's Philosophy 2.2.9 Hinduism 2.2.10 Islam derived from Shaivism. 2.2.11 Buddhism on indigenous culture 2.2.12 Background of Yumaism 2.2.13 Yumaism is Regional Culture 2.2.14 Christian Influence on Yuma 2.2.15 Political Influence on Yuma 2.2.16 Sattehang: Shaivite Social reformer 2.2.17 Sattehang's Teachings 2.2.18 Political Historiography 2.3 History and Civilizations 2.3.1 History and Genealogy 2.3.2 Gotra Concept 2.3.3 Kashi Gotra 2.3.4 Lhasa Gotra 2.3.5 Kashi and Lhasa Gotra 2.3.6 Kirat, Licchavi, Sen, Khas 2.3.7 Kashi Ganga Plain 2.3.8 Dawn of Yaktumba 2.3.9 Mohenjo Daro-Harappa Civilization 2.3.10 Mesopotamian civilization 2.3.11 Chinese Civilization 2.4 Philosophy and Theory of Creation 2.4.1 Big Bang Theory 2.4.2 Human Origin and Development 2.4.3 Chronology of human development 2.4.4 Human Evolution 2.4.5 Evolutionary theory 2.4.6 Human Movement 2.4.7 Theory of the 'Out of Africa' Model Chapter 3. Statement of the Problem 3.1 Issues 3.2 Objectives of the Study 3.3 Research questions 3.4 Theoretical Framework 3.5 Limitations of the Study Chapter 4 Methodology and Approach 4.1 Method 4.2 Approach Chapter 5 Findings 5.1 An Overview of Ancient Ancestry (A) 5.1.1 Origin of human mundhum 5.1.2 The Idea of Science and History 5.2 Sen-Samba Genealogical Diagram (B) 5.3 Mundhum 5.3.1 Samba Phyang birth mundhum 5.3.2 Lagan Khopma Mundhum 5.3.3 Jutho Adhelle Mundhum 5.3.4 Senior Citizen's Teachings 5.4 A Investigation of Tungdunge Mundhum 5.5 Sen Shreng Senihang. 5.6 Phyang's development from Samba 5.7 Coinage of Phyang 5.8 Advancement of Phyang 5.9 Ling Thang Yak 5.10 Phyang Family Ancestry (C) 5.10.1 Phyang Family Evolution 5.10.2 Population 5.10.3 Phyang Samba living in Mewa Khola 5.10.4 Phyang Samba in Athrai Hangpang 5.10.5 Phyang Samba in Sankhuwa Sabha 5.10.6 Phyang Samba in Bhutan 5.10.7 Phyang Samba living in Panchthar 5.10.8 Phyang Samba family living in Sikkim 5.10.9 Phyang Samba living in Assam, India 5.10.10 Phyang Samba Population Relocation 5.11 Relationship Inconsistency 5.12 Pronunciation Errors Chapter 6. Discussion and Analysis 6.1 Genetics unlocks the doors to Genesis 6.2 Archaeological Tracing in the Himalayas 6.3 Socio-Cultural Background of Samba Phyang 6.4 Linguistic Analysis 6.5 Genealogical Analysis 6.6 Analysis of Mundhum 6.6.1 Warakma Sammang Mundhum 6.6.2 Bhitapso Tambhungna mundhum 6.6.3 Chongbang Sermon Mundhum 1 6.7 Phyang Samba Rai in Sankhuwa Sabha. 6.8 Rai, Limbu Ancestral Relationship 6.9 Dhimal, Limbu Ancestral Relationship 6.10 Kirat Magar and Kirat Limbu 6.11 Kirat and Khasarat Ancestral Relationship 6.12 Greek Mythology and Saksak Mundhum. 6.13 An Appraisal of Munatembe 6.14 Lepmu 6.15 Origin Sites for Mundhum 6.16 Review of Madhes's definition 6.17 Terai Etymology 6.18 Koshi, Mechi Etymology 6.19 Hangsenlung 6.20 Surnames Pronunciation 6.21 Mundhum lets us unite Chapter 7 Critical Analysis Chapter 8 Conclusion. 8.1 Thematic Synopsis 8.2 A Brief Suggestion References Appendices About Author & Publications


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