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List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia


List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia

This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 122 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 1 former NHL, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.


  • Current landmarks 1
  • Historic areas administered by the National Park Service 2
  • National Historic Landmarks formerly in Virginia 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Current landmarks

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Alexandria Historic District
ca. 1919 HABS photograph
November 13, 1966
Alexandria (independent city) Comprises the central portion of Alexandria, Virginia
2 Aquia Church
HABS photograph
July 5, 1991
Stafford Mid-18th-century church
3 Bacon's Castle
Bacon's Castle
October 9, 1960
Bacon's Castle
Surry One of the oldest brick buildings in Virginia
4 Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery
April 27, 1984
Loudoun Site of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5 Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone
Banneker (Benjamin) SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone
May 11, 1976
Arlington A boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731–1806), an African American surveyor, mathematician and astronomer who assisted Andrew Ellicott during the first two months of Ellicott's 1791–1792 survey of the boundaries of the original District of Columbia.[3]
6 Barracks, Virginia Military Institute
1968 HABS photograph
December 21, 1965
Lexington (independent city) Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7 Berkeley
November 11, 1971
Charles City
Charles City One of the great plantations of Virginia, associated with Presidents William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
8 Berry Hill
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
South Boston
Halifax A Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9 Brandon
April 15, 1970
Prince George Plantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760s
10 Bremo Historic District
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Bremo Bluff
Fluvanna James River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11 Bruton Parish Church
Bruton Parish Church
April 15, 1970
Williamsburg (independent city) Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12 Camden
1980 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Port Royal
Caroline Two-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13 Camp Hoover
Camp Hoover
June 7, 1988
Graves Mill
Madison President Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14 Cape Henry Lighthouse
Cape Henry Lighthouse
January 29, 1964
Virginia Beach
Virginia Beach (independent city) First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15 Carter's Grove
Carter's Grove
April 15, 1970
James City Georgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg.
16 Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation
Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation
August 11, 1969
Middletown and Strasburg
Frederick and Warren Site of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation.
17 Christ Church, Alexandria
Christ Church, Alexandria
April 15, 1970
Alexandria (independent city) 1773 Georgian brick church
18 Christ Church
Christ Church
May 30, 1961
Lancaster Example of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
19 Confederate Capitol
Confederate Capitol
December 19, 1960
Richmond (independent city) From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
20 Charles Richard Drew House
Charles Richard Drew House
May 11, 1976
Arlington Home of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
21 Drydock No. 1
Drydock No. 1
November 11, 1971
Portsmouth (independent city) Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
22 Egyptian Building
Egyptian Building
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
23 Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel
1985 HAER photograph
October 3, 1985
Hampton (independent city) Wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Largely demolished.[4]
24 Elsing Green
Elsing Green
November 11, 1971
King William Georgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25 Exchange
1968 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Petersburg (independent city) Two-story Greek Revival structure with a Doric portico.
26 Eyre Hall
Eyre Hall
March 2, 2012
Northampton A private plantation in the hands of the Eyre family since 1668.
27 Five Forks Battlefield
Five Forks Battlefield
December 19, 1960
Dinwiddie Site of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
28 Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House
Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House
December 17, 1985
Alexandria (independent city) House of President Gerald R. Ford.
29 Fort Monroe
Fort Monroe
December 19, 1960
Hampton (independent city) Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
30 Fort Myer Historic District
Fort Myer Historic District
November 28, 1972
Arlington U.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
31 Franklin and Armfield Office
Franklin and Armfield Office
June 2, 1978
Alexandria (independent city) Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
32 Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel
HAER photograph
October 3, 1985
Hampton (independent city) Full-scale wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. Demolished in 2013.[5]
33 Gadsby's Tavern
Gadsby's Tavern
November 4, 1963
Alexandria (independent city) Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
34 Ellen Glasgow House
HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
35 Carter Glass House
1976 HABS photograph
December 8, 1976
Lynchburg (independent city) A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
36 Green Springs Historic District
NPS photograph
May 30, 1974
Zion Crossroads
Louisa Rural manor houses and related buildings.
37 Greenway Court
HABS photograph
October 9, 1960
White Post
Clarke Remnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of George Washington worked as a surveyor
38 Gunston Hall
Gunston Hall
December 19, 1960
Fairfax Home of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
39 Hampton Institute
Hampton Institute
May 30, 1974
Hampton (independent city) Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
40 Hanover County Courthouse
Hanover County Courthouse
November 7, 1973
Hanover Court House
Hanover This Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
41 Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House
Holly Knoll-R. R. Moton House
December 21, 1981
Gloucester Retirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
42 The Homestead
The Homestead
July 17, 1991
Hot Springs
Bath Example of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
43 Humpback Bridge
Humpback Bridge
October 16, 2012
Allegheny Oldest surviving covered bridge in Virginia; a rare example of a covered humpback bridge.
44 Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
May 28, 1967
Winchester (independent city) Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861–1862 winter
45 Jackson Ward Historic District
Jackson Ward Historic District
June 2, 1978
Richmond (independent city) A historically African-American neighborhood.
46 Kenmore
1983 HABS photograph
April 15, 1970
Fredericksburg (independent city) Home of Fielding Lewis
47 Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University
Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University
December 19, 1960
Lexington (independent city) Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) served as president (1865–1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
May 5, 1989
Portsmouth (independent city) Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
49 Lunar Landing Research Facility
Lunar Landing Research Facility
October 3, 1985
Hampton (independent city) Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
50 Main Street Station and Trainshed
Main Street Station and Trainshed
December 8, 1976
Richmond (independent city) Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and the trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
51 Marlbourne
July 19, 1964
Hanover Property of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
52 General George C. Marshall House
June 19, 1996
Loudoun Last home of General
53 John Marshall House
HABS photo
December 19, 1960
Richmond (independent city) Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
54 Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop
Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop
July 19, 1964
Steele's Tavern
Rockbridge Home of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
55 Gari Melchers Home
Gari Melchers Home
December 21, 1965
Stafford Residence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
56 Menokin
November 11, 1971
Richmond Home of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
57 Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell House
Gen. William
December 8, 1976
Loudoun Residence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
58 James Monroe Law Office
James Monroe Law Office
November 13, 1966
Fredericksburg (independent city) James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789.
59 James Monroe Tomb
WP Commons photograph
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
60 Monticello
December 19, 1960
Albemarle Mansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
61 Montpelier
December 19, 1960
Orange Residence of President James Madison.
62 Monument Avenue Historic District
Monument Avenue Historic District
December 9, 1997
Richmond (independent city) Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
63 Monumental Church
Monumental Church
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) Early Greek Revival church.
64 Robert Russa Moton High School
Robert Russa Moton High School
August 5, 1998
Prince Edward Site of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
65 Mount Airy
Mount Airy
October 9, 1960
Richmond Stone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
66 Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
December 19, 1960
Fairfax Plantation home of President George Washington.
67 Natural Bridge
Natural Bridge
August 5, 1998
Natural Bridge
Rockbridge Natural rock arch, once owned by Thomas Jefferson.
68 New Kent School and George W. Watkins School
August 7, 2001
New Kent and Quinton
New Kent Pair of schools that represent widespread token desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education supreme court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, which was effective in bringing about real desegregation.
69 Oak Hill
Oak Hill
December 19, 1960
Loudoun Residence of President James Monroe
70 Oatlands
November 11, 1971
Loudoun Notable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
71 Old City Hall
1981 HABS photograph
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
72 Pear Valley
Pear Valley
March 11, 2013
Northampton An early 18th century Chesapeake cottage.
73 Pentagon
October 5, 1992
Arlington Building is symbolic of national military power.
74 Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
February 17, 2006
Dinwiddie Site of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
75 Pittsylvania County Courthouse
HABS photograph
May 4, 1987
Pittsylvania In 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding Black citizens from serving as jurors.
76 Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine
Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine
October 12, 1994
Tazewell 1882 mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
77 Poplar Forest
Poplar Forest
November 11, 1971
Bedford Thomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
78 Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District
Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District
December 17, 1982
Great Falls
Fairfax Remains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
79 Prestwould
July 31, 2003
Mecklenburg Most intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
80 Quarters 1
Quarters 1
November 28, 1972
Arlington Residence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
81 Peyton Randolph House
Peyton Randolph House
April 15, 1970
Williamsburg (independent city) Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
82 Virginia Randolph Cottage
1980 HABS photograph
December 2, 1974
Glen Allen
Henrico Commemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
83 Rendezvous Docking Simulator
NASA photograph
October 3, 1985
Hampton (independent city) Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
84 Reynolds Homestead
December 22, 1977
Patrick Home of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
85 Ripshin Farm
November 11, 1971
Trout Dale
Grayson Summer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
86 Rising Sun Tavern
Rising Sun Tavern
January 29, 1964
Fredericksburg (independent city) Tavern built by George Washington
87 Rotunda, University of Virginia
Rotunda, University of Virginia
December 21, 1965
Charlottesville (independent city) Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
88 Sabine Hall
HABS photograph
April 15, 1970
Richmond Early Georgian two story brick mansion.
89 St. John's Episcopal Church
St. John's Episcopal Church
January 20, 1961
Richmond (independent city) Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
90 Saint Luke's Church
Saint Luke's Church
October 9, 1960
Isle Of Wight English room church with Gothic details
91 St. Peter's Parish Church
St. Peter's Parish Church
March 2, 2012
New Kent
New Kent 1703 Episcopal church may have been where George and Martha Washington were married
92 Saratoga
November 7, 1973
Clarke Gray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
93 Sayler's Creek Battlefield
Sayler's Creek Battlefield
February 4, 1985
Amelia and Prince Edward Sites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
94 Scotchtown
HABS photograph
December 21, 1965
Hanover Plantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
95 James Semple House
James Semple House
April 15, 1970
Williamsburg (independent city) House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
96 Shack Mountain
Shack Mountain
October 5, 1992
Albemarle Home of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
97 Shirley
April 15, 1970
Charles City Oldest plantation in Virginia.
98 Skyline Drive
Skyline Drive
October 6, 2008
Albemarle Road through the Shenandoah National Park
99 Spence's Point
Spence's Point
November 11, 1971
Westmoreland Farm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
100 Stratford Hall
Stratford Hall
October 7, 1960
Westmoreland Notable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
101 Adam Thoroughgood House
1969 HABS photograph
October 9, 1960
Virginia Beach
Virginia Beach (independent city) One of the oldest brick houses in Virginia, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
102 Thunderbird Archeological District
May 5, 1977
Coordinates missing
Warren Three archeological sites.
103 Tredegar Iron Works
Tredegar Iron Works
December 22, 1977
Richmond (independent city) One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
104 Tuckahoe
Tuckahoe Plantation
August 11, 1969
Goochland and Henrico Tuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
105 John Tyler House
John Tyler House
July 4, 1961
Charles City
Charles City Residence of President John Tyler.
106 University Of Virginia Historic District
University Of Virginia Historic District
November 11, 1971
Charlottesville (independent city) District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
107 Variable Density Tunnel
NASA photograph
October 3, 1985
Hampton (independent city) Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
108 Virginia Governor's Mansion
Virginia Governor's Mansion
June 7, 1988
Richmond (independent city) State Executive Mansion.
109 Virginia Military Institute Historic District
Barracks at Virginia Military Institute
May 30, 1974
Lexington (independent city) First state-supported military college.
110 Maggie Lena Walker House
Maggie Lena Walker House
May 15, 1975
Richmond (independent city) Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank.
111 Washington and Lee University Historic District
Washington and Lee University Historic District
November 11, 1971
Lexington (independent city) Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
112 George Washington Boyhood Home Site
February 16, 2000
Stafford Known locally as Ferry Farm.
113 Waterford Historic District
Waterford Historic District
April 15, 1970
Loudoun Picturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
114 Westover
October 9, 1960
Charles City
Charles City Plantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
115 White House of the Confederacy
White House of the Confederacy
December 19, 1960
Richmond (independent city) Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
116 Wickham-Valentine House
Wickham-Valentine House
November 11, 1971
Richmond (independent city) One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
117 Williamsburg Historic District
Williamsburg Historic District
October 9, 1960
Williamsburg (independent city) Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
118 Woodlawn
August 6, 1998
Fairfax Flagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
119 Woodrow Wilson Birthplace
Woodrow Wilson Birthplace
July 19, 1964
Staunton (independent city) Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
120 Wren Building, College of William and Mary
Wren Building, College of William and Mary
October 9, 1960
Williamsburg (independent city) Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
121 Wythe House
April 15, 1970
Williamsburg (independent city) One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
122 Yeocomico Church
Yeocomico Church
April 15, 1970
Tucker Hill
Westmoreland Significant example of transitional Colonial architecture.

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[6] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[7] Location County Description
1 Appomattox Court House National Historical Park 2006 photograph August 13, 1935 Appomattox Appomattox
2 Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial 2004 photograph March 4, 1925 Arlington Arlington
3 Booker T. Washington National Monument Booker T. Washington National Monument April 2, 1956 Hardy Franklin
4 Colonial National Historical Park 1995 HAER photograph December 30, 1930 James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park photograph June 11, 1940 (shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6 Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park 2007 photograph February 14, 1927 Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Spotsylvania Spotsylvania
7 George Washington Birthplace National Monument 2007 photograph January 23, 1930 Colonial Beach Westmoreland
8 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park June 30, 1944 Harpers Ferry, WV (shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9 Manassas National Battlefield Park cannon on battlefield May 10, 1940 Manassas Prince William Site of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10 Petersburg National Battlefield re-enactors on Petersburg National Battlefield July 3, 1926 Petersburg, Hopewell, and more Petersburg (independent city), and Dinwiddie May include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11 Richmond National Battlefield Park Battle of Cold Harbor March 2, 1936 Richmond, Virginia and environs Richmond (independent city) 30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

National Historic Landmarks formerly in Virginia

While no National Historic Landmarks in Virginia have been de-designated,[8] one has been moved out of the state.

Landmark name Image Date designated Date moved Locality County Description
1 USS Sequoia (presidential yacht) 1968 HABS photograph December 23, 1987 Now in the District of Columbia.[9]
2 N.S. SAVANNAH (Nuclear Merchant Ship) July 17, 1991 Newport News
York First nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship; now berthed in Baltimore, Maryland.

See also


  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined , differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ Bedini, Silvio A. (1999), The Life of Benjamin Banneker: The First African-American Man of Science, Second edition, Maryland Historical Society. ISBN 0-938420-59-3
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  7. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  8. ^ No Virginia sites are listed at National Historic Landmarks de-designation list.
  9. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 

External links

"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  

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